Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 472, 805-822 (2007/9-4)
Using VO tools to investigate distant radio starbursts hosting obscured AGN in the HDF(N) region.
RICHARDS A.M.S., MUXLOW T.W.B., BESWICK R., ALLEN M.G., BENSON K., DICKSON R.C., GARRETT M.A., GARRINGTON S.T., GONZALEZ-SOLARES E., HARRISON P.A., HOLLOWAY A.J., KETTENIS M.M., LAING R.A., RICHARDS E.A., THRALL H., VAN LANGEVELDE H.J., WALTON N.A., WILKINSON P.N. and WINSTANLEY N.
Abstract (from CDS):
A 10-arcmin region around the Hubble Deep Field (North) contains 92 radio sources brighter than 40µJy which are well-resolved by MERLIN+VLA at 0.2"-2" resolution (average size ∼1"). 55 of these have Chandra X-ray counterparts in the 2-Ms CDF(N) field including at least 17 with a hard X-ray photon index and high luminosity characteristic of a type-II (obscured) AGN. More than 70% of the radio sources have been classified as starbursts or AGN using radio morphologies, spectral indices and comparisons with optical appearance and rest-frame MIR emission. On this basis, starbursts outnumber radio AGN 3:1. We investigate the possibility that very luminous radio and X-ray emission originates from different phenomena in the same high-redshift galaxies. This study extends the Virtual Observatory (VO) methods previously used to identify X-ray-selected obscured type-II AGN, to examine the relationship between radio and X-ray emission. We describe a VO cut-out server for MERLIN+VLA 1.4-GHz radio images in the HDF(N) region. The high-redshift starbursts have typical sizes of 5-10kpc and star formation rates of ∼1000M☉/yr, an order of magnitude more extended and intense than in the local universe. There is no obvious correlation between radio and X-ray luminosities nor spectral indices at z>1.3. About 70% of both the radio-selected AGN and the starburst samples were detected by Chandra. The X-ray luminosity indicates the presence of an AGN in at least half of the 45 cross-matched radio starbursts. Eleven of these are type-II AGN, of which 7 are at z≥1.5. This distribution overlaps closely with the X-ray detected radio sources which were also detected by SCUBA. In contrast, all but one of the AGN-dominated radio sources are at z<1.5, including the 4 which are also X-ray selected type-II AGN. The stacked 1.4-GHz emission at the positions of radio-faint X-ray sources is correlated with X-ray hardness. Almost all extended radio starbursts at z>1.3 host X-ray selected obscured AGN. The radio emission from most of these ultra-luminous objects is dominated by star formation although the highest redshift (z=4.424) source has a substantial AGN contribution. Star-formation appears to contribute less than 1/3 of their X-ray luminosity. Our results support the inferences from SCUBA and IR data, that at z>1.5, star formation is observably more extended and more copious, it is closely linked to AGN activity and it is triggered differently, compared with star formation at lower redshifts.
astronomical data bases: miscellaneous - X-rays: galaxies - radio continuum: galaxies - galaxies: active - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: evolution
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/472/805): table12.dat>
Table 1: [RMB2007] JHHMMSS+DDMMSS N=62.
Status at CDS:
J123652+121444 is a misprint for J123652+621444 and J123642+121545 is a misprint for J123642+621545.
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