Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 475, 199-207 (2007/11-3)
Host galaxy subtraction of TeV candidate BL Lacertae objects.
NILSSON K., PASANEN M., TAKALO L.O., LINDFORS E., BERDYUGIN A., CIPRINI S. and PFORR J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Photometric monitoring of active galactic nuclei is often complicated by the presence of a strong host galaxy component, which adds unwanted flux to the measurement and introduces a seeing-dependence to the flux that can plaque e.g. microvariability studies. We are currently monitoring a sample of 24TeV candidate BL Lacertae objects, many of which exhibit a prominent host galaxy component, using differential aperture photometry. In order to study our light curves free from the above effects, we have derived the host galaxy flux in differential aperture photometry as a function of aperture radius and FWHM for 20 resolved sources in our sample. We created accurate surface brightness models of the targets and any significant nearby sources using high-resolution R-band imaging obtained at the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) and performed differential aperture photometry of the models over a grid of aperture radii and FWHM values. The results are given as correction tables, that list the fluxes (in mJy) of all ``contaminating'' sources (host galaxy + significant nearby objects) as a function of aperture radius and FWHM. We found that the derived fluxes depend strongly on aperture radius, but the FWHM has only a minor effect (a few percent). We also discuss the implications of our findings to optical monitoring programs and potential sources of error in our derived fluxes. During this work we have also constructed new calibration star sequences for 9 objects and present the finding charts and calibrated magnitudes.
galaxies: active - BL Lacertae objects: general - techniques: photometric - methods: data analysis