Molecular gas observations of the reddened quasar 3C 318.
WILLOTT C.J., MARTINEZ-SANSIGRE A. and RAWLINGS S.
Abstract (from CDS):
3C 318 is a z=1.574 radio-loud quasar. The small physical size of its radio jets indicates that these jets were triggered relatively recently. In addition to the ultraviolet continuum emission being reddened by dust, detections with IRAS and SCUBA show it to have an exceptionally high far-infrared luminosity. We present CO(2-1) observations of 3C 318 made with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. We detect CO(2-1) emission with a FWHM=200 km/s at a signal-to-noise ratio of 5.4. There is evidence for positional (∼20 kpc) and velocity (approximately -400 km/s) offsets between the molecular gas and the quasar that may be due to the quasar experiencing a major merger. The mass of molecular gas inferred from our observations is MH2=(3.0±0.6)x1010 M☉. This molecular gas mass is comparable to that in submillimeter-selected galaxies at similar redshifts. The large molecular gas mass is consistent with the primary source of heating for the cool dust in this quasar being massive star formation with a star formation rate of 1700 M☉/yr and a gas depletion timescale of 20 Myr. Our observations support the idea that star formation episodes and jet triggering can be synchronized.