Astron. J., 133, 1447-1469 (2007/April-0)
A deep wide-field variable star catalog of ω Centauri.
WELDRAKE D.T.F., SACKETT P.D. and BRIDGES T.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a variable star catalog of an extensive ground-based wide-field variability survey in the globular cluster ω Centauri. Using the Australian National University 40 inch (1 m) telescope at Siding Spring Observatory, the cluster was observed with a 52'x52' (0.75 deg2) field for 25 nights. A total of 187 variable stars were identified in the field, 81 of which are new discoveries. This work comprises the widest field variability survey yet undertaken for this cluster. Here we present the V+R light curves and preliminary analysis of the detected variable stars, comprising 58 eclipsing binaries, 69 RR Lyrae stars, 36 long-period variables (P≥2 days), and 24 miscellaneous pulsators including 15 SX Phoenicis stars and two type II Cepheids. Analysis of the eclipsing binary radial distribution has revealed an apparent lack of binaries in the 8'-15' range, perhaps indicating two separate binary populations. Four detached binaries have short periods (<2.5 days) and are likely composed of low-mass M-dwarf components, useful for testing stellar evolution models. One further detached system has a period of 0.8 days, and due to the blueness of the system could be composed of white dwarf stars. Analysis of the RR Lyrae sample has produced a reddening-corrected distance modulus (also accounting for metallicity spread) for the cluster of 13.68±0.27, a result consistent with previously published values. This paper also presents a total stellar database comprising V and I photometry (with astrometry better than 0.25") for 203,892 stars with 12.0≤V≤21.0 and 25 night V+R light curves for 109,726 stars (14.0≤V≤22.0) for both the cluster and the field.
Stars: Binaries: Eclipsing - Stars: Binaries: General - Stars: Variables: δ Scuti - Galaxy: Globular Clusters: Individual: Name: ω Centauri - Stars: Variables: Other
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/133/1447): table2.dat lc/*>
Table 2: Cl* NGC 5139 WSB VNNN (Nos V1-V187) = Cl* NGC 5139 SAW VNNN N=39 (Nos V412-V450) added.
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