Astron. J., 134, 2328-2339 (2007/December-0)
Keck HIRES spectroscopy of candidate Post-T Tauri stars.
BUBAR E.J., KING J.R., SODERBLOM D.R., DELIYANNIS C.P. and BOESGAARD A.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We use high signal-to-noise ratio (∼150-450), high-resolution (R∼45,000) Keck HIRES spectroscopy of 13 candidate post-T Tauri stars (PTTs) to derive basic physical parameters, lithium abundances, and radial velocities. We place our stars in the Mv-Teff plane for use in determining approximate ages from pre-main-sequence isochrones, and we confirm these using three relative age indicators in our analysis: Li abundances, chromospheric emission, and the kinematic U-V plane. Using the three age criteria we identify five stars (HIP 54529, HIP 62758, HIP 63322, HIP 74045, and HIP 104864) as probable PTTs with ages between 10 and 100 Myr. We confirm HIP 54529 as an SB2 star and HIP 63322 as an SB1 star. We also examine irregular photometric variability of PTTs using the Hipparcos photometry annex. Two of our PTTs exhibit near-IR excesses compared to Kurucz model flux; while recent work suggests classical T Tauri stars evince similar JHK excesses presumably indicative of nonphotospheric (disk) emission, our results may be illusory artifacts of the chosen I-band normalization. The near-IR excesses we see in a literature-based sample of PTTs appear to be artifacts of previous spectral type-based Teffvalues. Indeed, comparison of the homology of their observed and model photospheric spectral energy distributions suggests that photometric temperatures are more reliable than temperatures based on spectral standards for the cooler temperature ranges of the stars in this sample. We conclude that our age-oriented analysis is a robust means to select samples of nearby, young, isolated PTTs that otherwise masquerade as normal field stars.
Stars: Abundances - Stars: Late-Type - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence
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