NG C.-Y., ROMANI R.W., BRISKEN W.F., CHATTERJEE S. and KRAMER M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report on Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) astrometry and Chandra imaging of PSR J0538+2817 in the supernova remnant S147. We measure a parallax distance of 1.47+0.42–0.27kpc along with a high-precision proper motion, giving a transverse velocity V⊥=400+114–73km/s. A small extended wind nebula is detected around the pulsar; the symmetry axis of this structure suggests that the spin axis lies 12°±4° from the velocity vector (two-dimensional), but the emission is too faint for robust model-independent statements. The neutron star is hot, consistent with the young ∼40 kyr kinematic age. The pulsar progenitor is likely a runaway from a nearby cluster, with NGC 1960 (M36) a leading candidate.