Astrophys. J., 656, 870-878 (2007/February-3)
Potential neutrino signals from galactic γ-ray sources.
KAPPES A., HINTON J., STEGMANN C. and AHARONIAN F.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
The recent progress made in Galactic γ-ray astronomy using the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) instrument provides for the first time a population of Galactic TeV γ-rays, and hence potential neutrino sources, for which the neutrino flux can be estimated. Using the energy spectra and source morphologies measured by H.E.S.S., together with new parameterizations of pion production and decay in hadronic interactions, we estimate the signal and background rates expected for these sources in a first-generation water Cerenkov detector (ANTARES) and a next-generation neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea, KM3NeT, with an instrumented volume of 1 km3. We find that the brightest γ-ray sources produce neutrino rates above 1 TeV, comparable to the background from atmospheric neutrinos. The expected event rates of the brightest sources in the ANTARES detector make a detection unlikely. However, for a 1 km3 KM3NeT detector, event rates of a few neutrinos per year from these sources are expected, and the detection of individual sources seems possible. Although generally these estimates should be taken as flux upper limits, we discuss the conditions and type of γ-ray sources for which the neutrino flux predictions can be considered robust.
Stars: Binaries: General - Gamma Rays: Bursts - Neutrinos - ISM: Supernova Remnants
erratum vol. 661, p. 1348 (2007)
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