The Lupus association of pre-main-sequence stars: clues to star formation scattered in space and time.
Abstract (from CDS):
Kinematical analysis of spectroscopically identified pre-main-sequence stars associated with the Lupus dark cloud reveals a streamlike motion of low internal velocity dispersion (≤1.3 km/s). A statistically significant mismatch between the convergent point radial velocity and the spectroscopic radial velocity from the literature indicates a moderate degree of expansion. The rate of expansion is too low to account for the present extent of the association if one assumes that the spatially dispersed population was formed in the dense molecular cores observed today. Therefore, it is unlikely that the outlying weak-lined T Tauri members were born in the same star-forming cores as the more compactly located classical T Tauri stars, despite the kinematic integrity of the association. Distances inferred from the classical moving-cluster method show a large depth of the association (∼80 pc) along the line of sight. A color-magnitude diagram of the association in the near-IR colors corrected for the distribution of distances shows a clear gap separating the older (5-27 Myr) and the younger (∼1 Myr) generations of stars. Half of the identified 1 Myr old stars lie in the tight group of mostly classical T Tauri stars associated with the Lupus 3 dark filament. This nest of very young stars appears to be 25 pc farther from the Sun than the center of the greater Lupus association.