Astrophys. J., 660, 81-96 (2007/May-1)
Radius-dependent luminosity evolution of blue galaxies in GOODS-N.
MELBOURNE J., PHILLIPS A.C., HARKER J., NOVAK G., KOO D.C. and FABER S.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We examine the radius-luminosity (R-L) relation for blue galaxies in the Team Keck Redshift Survey (TKRS) of GOODS-N. We compare with a volume-limited, Sloan Digital Sky Survey sample and find that the R-L relation has evolved to lower surface brightness since z=1. Based on the detection limits of GOODS, this cannot be explained by incompleteness in low surface brightness galaxies. Number density arguments rule out a pure radius evolution. It can be explained by a radius-dependent decline in B-band luminosity with time. Assuming a linear shift in MB with z, we use a maximum likelihood method to quantify the evolution. Under these assumptions, large (R1/2>5 kpc) and intermediate-sized (3<R1/2<5 kpc) galaxies have experienced ΔMB=1.53+0.13–0.10 and 1.65+0.08–0.18mag of dimming since z=1. A simple exponential decline in star formation with an e-folding time of 3 Gyr can result in this amount of dimming. Meanwhile, small galaxies, or some subset thereof, have experienced more evolution, 2.55±0.38 mag. This factor of 10 decline in luminosity can be explained by subsamples of starbursting dwarf systems that fade rapidly, coupled with a decline in burst strength or frequency. Samples of bursting, luminous, blue, compact galaxies at intermediate redshifts have been identified by various previous studies. If there has been some growth in galaxy size with time, these measurements are upper limits on luminosity fading.
Catalogs - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Fundamental Parameters - Galaxies: Starburst
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/660/81): table1.dat>
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