Astrophys. J., 664, 304-321 (2007/July-3)
The detection of far-ultraviolet line emission from Balmer-dominated supernova remnants in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
GHAVAMIAN P., BLAIR W.P., SANKRIT R., RAYMOND J.C. and HUGHES J.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the first far-ultraviolet (FUV) spectra of the four known Balmer-dominated supernova remnants (SNRs) in the Large Magellanic Cloud, acquired with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE). The remnants DEM L 71 (SNR 0505-67.9), SNR 0509-67.5, SNR 0519-69.0, and SNR 0548-70.4 are all in the nonradiative stages of evolution and exhibit expansion speeds ranging from ∼500 to ∼5000 km.s–1. We have detected broad emission lines of Lyβ, Lyγ, C III, and O VI in DEM L 71 (VFWHM∼1000 km.s–1) and have detected broad Lyβ and O VI emission in SNR 0519-69.0 (VFWHM∼3000 km.s–1). In addition, broad Lyβ emission (VFWHM∼3700 km.s–1) has been observed in SNR 0509-67.5, the first detection of broad line emission from this SNR. No emission was detected in our FUSE spectrum of SNR 0548-70.4, allowing us to place only upper limits on the FUV line fluxes. The spectra of these SNRs are unaffected by postshock cooling and provide valuable probes of collisionless heating efficiency in high Mach number shocks. We have used the F(Lyβ)/F_ O VI_(1032) flux ratio and relative widths of the broad Lyβ and O VI lines to estimate the degree of electron-proton and proton-oxygen ion equilibration in DEM L 71, SNR 0509-67.5, and SNR 0519-69.0. Although our equilibration estimates are subject to considerable uncertainty due to the faintness of the FUV lines and contributions from bulk Doppler broadening, our results are consistent with a declining efficiency of electron-proton and proton-oxygen ion equilibration with increasing shock speed. From our shock velocity estimates, we obtain ages of 295-585 yr for SNR 0509-67.5 and 520-900 yr for SNR 0519-69.0, in good agreement with the ages obtained from SN light-echo studies.
ISM: individual (SNR 0505-67.9 [DEM L 71]) - ISM: Individual: Alphanumeric: SNR 0509-67.5 - ISM: individual (SNR 0519-69.0) - ISM: Individual: Alphanumeric: SNR 0548-70.4 - ISM: Kinematics and Dynamics - Shock Waves - ISM: Supernova Remnants
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