Astrophys. J., 665, 936-943 (2007/August-3)
A detailed study of gas and star formation in a highly magnified Lyman Break Galaxy at z = 3.07.
COPPIN K.E.K., SWINBANK A.M., NERI R., COX P., SMAIL I., ELLIS R.S., GEACH J.E., SIANA B., TEPLITZ H., DYE S., KNEIB J.-P., EDGE A.C. and RICHARD J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the detection of CO(3-2) emission from a bright, gravitationally lensed Lyman Break galaxy, LBG J213512.73-010143 (the ``Cosmic Eye''), at z=3.07, using the Plateau de Bure Interferometer. This is only the second detection of molecular gas emission from an LBG and yields an intrinsic molecular gas mass of (2.4±0.4)x109 M☉. The lens reconstruction of the UV morphology of the LBG indicates that it comprises two components separated by ∼2 kpc. The CO emission is unresolved, θ≲3", and appears to be centered on the intrinsically fainter (and also less highly magnified) of the two UV components. The width of the CO line indicates a dynamical mass of (8±2)x109csc\ul 2i M☉ within the central 2 kpc. Employing mid-infrared observations from Spitzer, we infer a stellar mass of M*~(6±2)x109 M☉ and a star formation rate of ∼60 M☉/yr, indicating that the molecular gas will be consumed in ≲40 Myr. The gas fractions, star formation efficiencies, and line widths suggests that LBG J213512 is a high-redshift, gas-rich analog of a local luminous infrared galaxy. This galaxy has a similar gas-to-dynamical mass fraction as observed in the submillimeter-selected population, although the gas surface density and star formation efficiency is a factor of 3 times less, suggesting less vigorous activity. We discuss the uncertainties in our conclusions arising from adopting a CO-to-H2 conversion factor appropriate for either the Milky Way or local luminous infrared galaxies. These observations demonstrate that current facilities, when aided by fortuitous gravitational magnification, can study ``ordinary'' galaxies at high redshift and so act as pathfinders for ALMA.
Cosmology: Observations - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Formation - galaxies: individual (LBG J213512.73-010143) - Galaxies: Kinematics and Dynamics - Galaxies: Starburst
Fig.1: [CSN2007] LBG As (Nos As, Bs), [CSN2007] Knot AN (Nos B1, B2).
The LBG = [SSR2007] LBG J213512.73-010143.
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