Astrophys. J., 668, 456-480 (2007/October-2)
An extensive collection of stellar wind X-ray source region emission line parameters, temperatures, velocities, and their radial distributions as obtained from Chandra observations of 17 OB stars.
WALDRON W.L. and CASSINELLI J.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
Chandra high energy resolution observations have now been obtained from numerous nonpeculiar O and early B stars. The observed X-ray emission line properties differ from prelaunch predictions, and the interpretations are still problematic. We present a straightforward analysis of a broad collection of OB stellar line profile data to search for morphological trends. X-ray line emission parameters and the spatial distributions of derived quantities are examined with respect to luminosity class. The X-ray source locations and their corresponding temperatures are extracted by using the He-like f/i line ratios and the H-like-to-He-like line ratios, respectively. Our luminosity class study reveals line widths increasing with luminosity. Although the majority of the OB emission lines are found to be symmetric, with little central line displacement, there is evidence for small, but finite, blueward line shifts that also increase with luminosity. The spatial X-ray temperature distributions indicate that the highest temperatures occur near the star and steadily decrease outward. This trend is most pronounced in the OB supergiants. For the lower density wind stars, both high and low X-ray source temperatures exist near the star. However, we find no evidence of any high-temperature X-ray emission in the outer wind regions for any OB star. Since the temperature distributions are counter to basic shock model predictions, we call this the ``near-star high-ion problem'' for OB stars. By invoking the traditional OB stellar mass-loss rates, we find a good correlation between the fir-inferred radii and their associated X-ray continuum optical depth unity radii. We conclude by presenting some possible explanations of the X-ray source problems that have been revealed by this study.
Stars: Early-Type - Stars: Magnetic Fields - Stars: Mass Loss - Stars: Winds, Outflows - X-Rays: Stars
erratum vol. 680, p. 1595 (2008)
Status at CDS:
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