Astrophys. J., 669, 929-946 (2007/November-2)
Integral field spectroscopy of high-redshift star-forming galaxies with laser-guided adaptive optics: evidence for dispersion-dominated kinematics.
LAW D.R., STEIDEL C.C., ERB D.K., LARKIN J.E., PETTINI M., SHAPLEY A.E. and WRIGHT S.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present early results from an ongoing study of the kinematic structure of star-forming galaxies at redshift z∼2-3 using integral-field spectroscopy of rest-frame optical nebular emission lines in combination with Keck laser guide star adaptive optics (LGSAO). We show kinematic maps of three target galaxies Q1623-BX453, Q0449-BX93, and DSF 2237a-C2 located at redshifts z=2.1820, 2.0067, and 3.3172, respectively, each of which is well resolved with a PSF measuring approximately 0.11"-0.15" (∼900-1200 pc at z∼2-3) after cosmetic smoothing. Neither galaxy at z∼2 exhibits substantial kinematic structure on scales ≳30 km/s; both are instead consistent with largely dispersion-dominated velocity fields with σ∼80 km/s along any given line of sight into the galaxy. In contrast, DSF 2237a-C2 presents a well-resolved gradient in velocity over a distance of ∼4 kpc with peak-to-peak amplitude of 140 km/s. It is unlikely that DSF 2237a-C2 represents a dynamically cold rotating disk of ionized gas as the local velocity dispersion of the galaxy (σ=79 km/s) is comparable to the observed shear. While some gas cooling models reproduce the observed kinematics better than a simple rotating disk model, even these provide a poor overall description of the target galaxies, suggesting that our current understanding of gas cooling mechanisms in galaxies in the early universe is (at best) incomplete.
Galaxies: High-Redshift - Galaxies: Kinematics and Dynamics - Galaxies: Starburst
Table 1: [ESS2003] Q0449-BXNN (No. BX93) added.
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