Astrophys. J., 671, 592-604 (2007/December-2)
Evidence for accretion in the high-resolution X-ray spectrum of the T Tauri star system Hen 3-600.
HUENEMOERDER D.P., KASTNER J.H., TESTA P., SCHULZ N.S. and WEINTRAUB D.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present high-resolution X-ray spectra of the nearby multiple T Tauri star (TTS) system Hen 3-600, obtained with the High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrograph (HETGS) aboard the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. Both principal binary components of Hen 3-600 (A and B, separation 1.4") were detected in the zeroth-order Chandra HETGS X-ray image. Hen 3-600-A, the component with a large mid-infrared excess, is a factor of ∼2-3 fainter in X-rays than Hen 3-600-B, due to a large flare at Hen 3-600-B during our observation. The dispersed X-ray spectra of the two primary components overlap significantly, so spectral analysis was performed primarily on the first-order spectrum of the combined A + B system, with analysis of the individual dispersed spectra limited to regions where the contributions of A and B can be disentangled via cross-dispersion profile fitting. This analysis results in two lines of evidence indicating that the X-ray emission from Hen 3-600 A + B is derived, in part, from accretion processes. (1) The line ratios of He-like O VII in the spectrum of Hen 3-600 A + B indicate that the characteristic density of its X-ray-emitting plasma is significantly larger than those of coronally active main-sequence and pre-main-sequence stars. (2) A significant component of low-temperature (2-3 MK) plasma is present in the Hen 3-600 A + B spectrum; this ``soft excess'' appears somewhat stronger in component A. These results for Hen 3-600 A + B are consistent with, although less pronounced than, results obtained from X-ray grating spectroscopy of more rapidly accreting TTS systems. Indeed, all of the emission signatures of Hen 3-600 A + B that are potential diagnostics of accretion activity–from its high-resolution X-ray spectrum, through its UV excess and Hα emission-line strengths, to its weak near-infrared excess–suggest that its components (and component A in particular) represent a transition phase between rapidly accreting, classical T Tauri stars and nonaccreting, weak-lined T Tauri stars.
Accretion, Accretion Disks - Stars: Coronae - Stars: Individual: Henry Draper Number: HD 98800 - stars: individual (Hen 3-600) - stars: individual (TW Hya) - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence - X-Rays: Stars
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