Astrophys. J., 671, 1784-1799 (2007/December-3)
Spitzer observations of the Orion OB1 association: disk census in the low-mass stars.
HERNANDEZ J., CALVET N., BRICENO C., HARTMANN L., VIVAS A.K., MUZEROLLE J., DOWNES J., ALLEN L. and GUTERMUTH R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new Spitzer observations of two fields in the Orion OB1 association. We report IRAC/MIPS observations for 115 confirmed members and 41 photometric candidates of the ∼10 Myr 25 Orionis aggregate in the OB1a subassociation, and 106 confirmed members and 65 photometric candidates of the 5 Myr region located in the OB1b subassociation. The 25 Orionis aggregate shows a disk frequency of 6%, while the field in the OB1b subassociation shows a disk frequency of 13%. Combining IRAC, MIPS, and 2MASS photometry, we place stars bearing disks in several classes: those with optically thick disks (class II systems), with an inner transitional disks (transitional disk candidates), and with ``evolved disks''; the last exhibit smaller IRAC/MIPS excesses than class II systems. In all, we identify one transitional disk candidate in the 25 Orionis aggregate and three in the OB1b field; this represents ∼10% of the disk-bearing stars, indicating that the transitional disk phase can be relatively fast. We find that the frequency of disks is a function of the stellar mass, suggesting a maximum around stars with spectral type M0. Comparing the infrared excess in the IRAC bands among several stellar groups, we find that inner disk emission decays with stellar age, showing a correlation with the respective disk frequencies. The disk emission at the IRAC and MIPS bands in several stellar groups indicates that disk dissipation takes place faster in the inner region of the disks. Comparison with models of irradiated accretion disks, computed with several degrees of settling, suggests that the decrease in the overall accretion rate observed in young stellar groups is not sufficient to explain the weak disk emission observed in the IRAC bands for disk-bearing stars with ages 5 Myr or older; larger degrees of dust settling are necessary to explain these objects.
Infrared: Stars - open clusters and associations: individual (Orion OB1 association) - Stars: Planetary Systems: Protoplanetary Disks - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/671/1784): table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat>
Tables 1, 3: [HCB2007] OB1a NNNN N=115+41 among (Nos 9-1861). Tables 2, 4: [HCB2007] OB1b NNNN N=106+65 among (Nos 21-2386).
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