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2007ApJ...671.1990K - Astrophys. J., 671, 1990-2005 (2007/December-3)

Magnetically torqued thin accretion disks.


Abstract (from CDS):

We compute the properties of a geometrically thin, steady accretion disk surrounding a central rotating, magnetized star. The magnetosphere is assumed to entrain the disk over a wide range of radii. The model is simplified in that we adopt two (alternate) ad hoc, but plausible, expressions for the azimuthal component of the magnetic field as a function of radial distance. We find a solution for the angular velocity profile tending to corotation close to the central star and smoothly matching a Keplerian curve at a radius where the viscous stress vanishes. The value of this ``transition'' radius is nearly the same for both of our adopted B-field models. We then solve analytically for the torques on the central star and for the disk luminosity due to gravity and magnetic torques. When expressed in a dimensionless form, the resulting quantities depend on one parameter alone, the ratio of the transition radius to the corotation radius. For rapid rotators, the accretion disk may be powered mostly by spin-down of the central star. These results are independent of the viscosity prescription in the disk. We also solve for the disk structure for the special case of an optically thick alpha disk. Our results are applicable to a range of astrophysical systems including accreting neutron stars, intermediate polar cataclysmic variables, and T Tauri systems.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Accretion, Accretion Disks - Magnetic Fields - Stars: Individual: Constellation Name: T Tauri - Stars: Individual: Constellation Name: FU Orionis - Stars: Neutron - X-Rays: Binaries

Simbad objects: 5

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