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2007ApJS..169..120L - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 169, 120-136 (2007/March-0)

Improved laboratory transition probabilities for Hf II and Hafnium abundances in the Sun and 10 metal-poor stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

Radiative lifetimes from laser-induced fluorescence measurements, accurate to ~±5%, are reported for 41 odd-parity levels of Hf II. The lifetimes are combined with branching fractions measured using Fourier transform spectrometry to determine transition probabilities for 150 lines of Hf II. Approximately half of these new transition probabilities overlap with recent independent measurements using a similar approach. The two sets of measurements are found to be in good agreement for lines in common. Our new laboratory data are applied to refine the hafnium photospheric solar abundance and to determine hafnium abundances in 10 metal-poor giant stars with enhanced r-process abundances. For the Sun we derive log{epsiv}(Hf)=0.88±0.08 from four lines; the uncertainty is dominated by the weakness of the lines and their blending by other spectral features. Within the uncertainties of our analysis, the r-process-rich stars possess constant Hf/La and Hf/Eu abundance ratios, log{epsiv}(Hf/La)=-0.13±0.02(σ=0.06) and log{epsiv}(Hf/Eu)=+0.04±0.02 (σ=0.06). The observed average stellar abundance ratio of Hf/Eu and La/Eu is larger than previous estimates of the solar system r-process-only value, suggesting a somewhat larger contribution from the r-process to the production of Hf and La. The newly determined Hf values could be employed as part of the chronometer pair, Th/Hf, to determine radioactive stellar ages.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Atomic Data - Galaxy: Evolution - Nuclear Reactions, Nucleosynthesis, Abundances - Sun: Abundances - stars: individual (HD 74462) - Stars: Individual: Henry Draper Number: HD 115444 - stars: individual (HD 122956) - stars: individual (HD 165195) - stars: individual (HD 175305) - stars: individual (HD 186478) - stars: individual (HD 221170) - stars: individual (BD +17 3248) - stars: individual (CS 22892-052) - stars: individual (CS 31082-001)

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJS/169/120): table3.dat>

Simbad objects: 10

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