Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 119, 90-101 (2007/January-0)
The M dwarf GJ 436 and its neptune-mass planet.
MANESS H.L., MARCY G.W., FORD E.B., HAUSCHILDT P.H., SHREVE A.T., BASRI G.B., BUTLER R.P. and VOGT S.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We determine stellar parameters for the M dwarf GJ 436, which hosts a Neptune-mass planet. We employ primarily spectral modeling at low and high resolution, examining the agreement between model and observed optical spectra of five comparison stars of type M0-M3. The modeling of high-resolution optical spectra suffers from uncertainties in TiO transitions, affecting the predicted strengths of both atomic and molecular lines in M dwarfs. The determination of Teff, gravity, and metallicity from optical spectra remains at ∼10%. As molecules provide opacity both in lines and as an effective continuum, determining molecular transition parameters remains a challenge facing models such as the PHOENIX series, best verified with high resolution and spectrophotometric spectra. Our analysis of GJ 436 yields an effective temperature of Teff = 3350±300 K and a mass of 0.44 M☉. New Doppler measurements of GJ 436 with a precision of 3 m/s taken during 6 years improve the Keplerian model of the planet, giving it a minimum mass Msini=0.0713MJup= 22.6 M⊕, period P = 2.6439 days, and eccentricity e = 0.16±0.02. The noncircular orbit contrasts with the tidally circularized orbits of all close-in exoplanets, implying either ongoing pumping of eccentricity by a more distant companion, or a higher Q value for this low-mass planet. The velocities indeed reveal a long-term trend, indicating a possible distant companion.
Stars: Planetary Systems - Stars: Fundamental Parameters - stars: individual (GJ 436) - stars: individual (HIP 57087) - stars: individual (LHS 310) - Stars: Low-Mass, Brown Dwarfs
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