Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 481, 441-448 (2008/4-2)
The distance to the Galactic centre based on Population II Cepheids and RR Lyrae stars.
GROENEWEGEN M.A.T., UDALSKI A. and BONO G.
Abstract (from CDS):
The distance to the Galactic centre (GC) is important for determining the distance scale in the Universe. The value derived by Eisenhauer et al. (2005ApJ...628..246E
) of 7.62±0.32kpc based on the orbit of one star around the central black hole is shorter than most other distance estimates based on a variety of different methods. To establish an independent distance to the GC with high accuracy, Population-II Cepheids were used that have been discovered in the OGLE-II and OGLE-III surveys. Thirty-nine Population-ii Cepheids were monitored with the SOFI infrared camera on 4 nights spanning 14 days, typically obtaining between 5 and 11 epochs of data. Light curves were fitted using the known periods from the OGLE data to determine the mean K-band magnitude with an accuracy of 0.01-0.02mag. It so happens that 37 RR Lyrae stars are in the field-of-view of the observations, and mean K-band magnitudes are derived for this sample as well. After correction for reddening, the period-luminosity relation of Population-ii Cepheids in the K-band is determined, and the derived slope of -2.24±0.14 is consistent with the value derived by Matsunaga et al. (2006MNRAS.370.1979M
). Fixing the slope to their more accurate value results in a zero point and implies a distance modulus to the GC of 14.51±0.12, with an additional systematic uncertainty of 0.07mag. Similarly, from the RR Lyrae K-band period-luminosity relation, we derive a value of 14.48±0.17(random)±0.07(syst.). The two independent determinations are averaged to find 14.50±0.10(random)±0.07(syst.), or 7.94±0.37±0.26kpc. The absolute magnitude scale of the adopted period-luminosity relations is tied to an LMC distance modulus of 18.50±0.07.
stars: distances - stars: variables: Cepheids - stars: variables: RR Lyrae - Galaxy: bulge - Galaxy: center
Table 1: [GUB2008] bulNNN.N NNNNNN N=10.
Table 1: Objects bulNN NNNNNN = OGLEII DIA BUL-SCNN NNNNNN in SIMBAD.
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