Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 483, 79-88 (2008/5-3)
Detection of the H92α recombination line from the starbursts in the Circinus galaxy and NGC 1808.
ROY A.L., GOSS W.M. and ANANTHARAMAIAH K.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
Gas ionized by starburst activity radiates radio recombination lines (RRLs), from which one can derive the plasma conditions and the number of massive stars formed in the burst, free of dust obscuration effects. We aimed to find detectable RRL emission from additional extragalactic starburst systems and to use the line properties to estimate the properties of the ionized gas. We conducted a search for RRLs in the nearby extragalactic starburst or Seyfert galaxies NGC1808
, the Circinus galaxy
, NGC4038/9, IIZw40, NGC6221, NGC7552, IRAS18325-5926, IC5063, and VV114. We used the Very Large Array with resolution of 3'' to 32'' and the Australia Telescope Compact Array with resolution of 10'' to search for the RRLs H91α and H92α with rest frequencies of 8.6GHz and 8.3GHz. From the new detections we derive conditions in the starburst regions. We detected for the first time RRLs from the starburst nuclei in the Circinus galaxy and NGC1808. The Circinus galaxy was detected in RRL emission with a line strength integrated over the source of 3.2mJy, making it the fourth-strongest extragalactic RRL emitter known at this frequency (after NGC4945, M82, and NGC253) and so is suitable for detailed study. The line and continuum emission from the Circinus galaxy can be matched by a model consisting of a collection of 50 to 10000 H II regions with temperatures of 5000K, densities of 500cm–3
to 50000/cm3, and a total effective diameter of 3pc to 50pc. The Lyman continuum production rate required to maintain the ionization is 1x1052
, which requires 300 to 9000 O5 stars to be produced in the starburst, inferring a star formation rate of 0.2M☉
/yr to 6M☉
/yr. NGC1808 was detected in RRL emission at 3.9σ with a line strength of 0.47mJy at the expected velocity. No radio recombination lines were detected from the other galaxies surveyed to a 3σ limit of 0.3mJy to 1.4mJy. We have detected RRLs from two galaxies, adding to the small but growing number of known extragalactic RRL emitters. The Circinus galaxy is strong and especially suited to high-quality follow-up spectroscopic study. We derived conditions and star formation rates in the starbursting regions. Uncertainties can be reduced by future multi-transition studies.
galaxies: individual: NGC 1808 - galaxies: nuclei - radio lines: galaxies
Table 1 Phase calibrator 1414-596 not identified, maybe GB6 B1414+5914. Paragraphe 5. source 54.96-06.1 is [SVB2006] 2 in Simbad.
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2008A&A...483...79R and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu