Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 485, 451-456 (2008/7-2)
The kinetic temperature of a molecular cloud at redshift 0.9: ammonia in the gravitational lens PKS1830-211.
HENKEL C., BRAATZ J.A., MENTEN K.M. and OTT J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Little is known about the structure of the interstellar medium and the nature of individual clouds in galaxies at intermediate redshifts. The gravitational lens toward PKS1830-211 offers the unique possibility to study this interstellar gas with high sensitivity and angular resolution in a molecular cloud that existed half a Hubble time ago. This multi-line study aims at a better definition of the physical properties of a significantly redshifted cloud. Using the Green Bank Telescope (GBT), we searched for ammonia (NH3) toward PKS1830-211. We have detected all ten observed metastable λ∼2cm ammonia lines. The (J, K)=(1, 1) to (10, 10) transitions, up to ∼1030K above the ground state, were measured in absorption against the radio continuum of the lensed background source. The ammonia absorption appears to be optically thin, with absolute peak flux densities up to 2.5% of the total continuum flux density. Measured intensities are consistent with a kinetic temperature of ∼80K for 80-90% of the ammonia column. The remaining 10-20% are warmer, with at least some of this gas reaching kinetic temperatures of >600K. Toward the south-western continuum source, the column density is N(NH3)~(5-10)x1014cm–2, which implies a fractional abundance of X(NH3)~(1.5-3.0)x10–8. Similarities with a hot NH3 absorption component toward the Sgr B2 region close to our Galactic center, observed up to the (18, 18) line, suggest that the Sgr B2 component also consists of warm diffuse low-density gas. The warm absorption features from PKS1830-211 are unique in the sense that they originate in a spiral arm.
galaxies: abundances - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: individual: PKS1830-211 - galaxies: spiral - radio lines: galaxies
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2008A&A...485..451H and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu