Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 492, 319-322 (2008/12-3)
Mass estimate of the XTE J1650-500 black hole from the extended orbital resonance model for high-frequency QPOs.
SLANY P. and STUCHLIK Z.
Abstract (from CDS):
XTE J1650-500 is a Galactic black-hole binary system for which at least one high-frequency QPO at 250Hz has been reported. Moreover there are indications that the system harbours a near-extreme Kerr black hole with a spin a*≃0.998 and mass MBH≲7.3M☉. Recently it was discovered that the orbital 3-velocity of test-particle (geodesical) discs orbiting Kerr black holes with a spin a*>0.9953, analyzed in the locally non-rotating frames, reveals a hump near the marginally stable orbit. It was suggested that the hump could excite the epicyclic motion of particles near the ISCO with frequencies typical for high-frequency QPOs. The characteristic frequency of the hump-induced oscillations was defined as the maximal positive rate of change of the LNRF-related orbital velocity with the proper radial distance. If the characteristic ``humpy frequency'' and the radial epicyclic frequency are commensurable, strong resonant phenomena are expected. We apply the idea of hump-induced oscillations in accretion discs around near-extreme Kerr black holes to estimate the black-hole mass in the XTE J1650-500 binary system. For the Kerr black hole with spin a*≃0.9982 the characteristic ``humpy frequency'' and the radial epicyclic frequency are in the ratio 1:3 at the orbit where the positive rate of change of the LNRF-related orbital velocity with the proper radial distance is maximal. Identifying the radial epicyclic frequency with the observed 250Hz QPO, we arrive at the mass of the black hole. In this method the ratio of frequencies determines the spin (and vice versa), and the values of the frequencies determine the black-hole mass. The mass of the Kerr black hole in XTE J1650-500 binary system is estimated to be around 5.1M☉.