Astron. J., 136, 1221-1241 (2008/September-0)
The Large Magellanic Cloud's top 250: classification of the most luminous compact 8 µm sources in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
KASTNER J.H., THORNDIKE S.L., ROMANCZYK P.A., BUCHANAN C.L., HRIVNAK B.J., SAHAI R. and EGAN M.
Abstract (from CDS):
To ascertain the nature of the brightest compact mid-infrared (mid-IR) sources in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), we have applied an updated version of Buchanan et al.'s Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)-Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) color classification system, which is based on the results of Spitzer Space Telescope spectroscopy, to a mid-IR (8 µm) flux-limited sample of 250 LMC objects for which 2MASS and MSX photometry is available. The resulting 2MASS-MSX ("JHK8") color-based classifications of these sources, which constitute the most mid-IR-luminous objects in the LMC, were augmented, cross-checked, and corrected where necessary via a variety of independent means, such that only 46 sources retain tentative classifications and only 10 sources cannot be classified at all. The sample is found to consist primarily of carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars (35%), red supergiants (RSGs) (18%), and compact H II regions (32%), with additional, small populations of oxygen-rich AGB stars (∼5%), dusty, early-type emission-line stars (∼3%), and foreground, O-rich AGB stars in the Milky Way (∼3%). The very large ratio of C-rich to O-rich objects among the luminous and heavily dust-enshrouded AGB stars in our LMC IR source sample is consistent with the hypothesis that carbon stars form easily in lower metallicity environments. We demonstrate that very luminous C-rich and O-rich AGB stars and RSGs, identified here primarily on the basis of their JHK8 colors, also appear as distinct clusters in Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC)/Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS) color-color diagrams. Thus, in principle, the infrared spectrograph (IRS)-based IR photometric classification techniques applied here to the LMC can be applied to any external galaxy whose most luminous IR point sources are detectable and resolvable by 2MASS and Spitzer.
circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - Magellanic Clouds - stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: mass loss
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/136/1221): table1.dat table4.dat refs.dat>
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2008AJ....136.1221K and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu