Astrophys. J., 673, L21-L24 (2008/January-3)
Vigorous star formation with low efficiency in massive disk galaxies at z = 1.5.
DADDI E., DANNERBAUER H., ELBAZ D., DICKINSON M., MORRISON G., STERN D. and RAVINDRANATH S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the first detection of molecular gas cooling CO emission lines from ordinary massive galaxies at z=1.5. Two sources were observed with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer, selected to lie in the mass-star formation rate correlation at their redshift, thus being representative of massive high-z galaxies. Both sources were detected with high confidence, yielding L'CO∼2x1010 K.km/s.pc2. For one of the sources we find evidence of velocity shear, implying CO sizes of ∼10 kpc. With an infrared luminosity of LFIR∼1012 L☉, these disklike galaxies are borderline ULIRGs but with star formation efficiency similar to that of local spirals, and an order of magnitude lower than that in submillimeter galaxies. This suggests a CO to total gas conversion factor similar to local spirals, gas consumption timescales approaching 1 Gyr or longer, and molecular gas masses reaching ∼1011 M☉, comparable to or larger than the estimated stellar masses. These results support a major role of in situ gas consumption over cosmological timescales and with relatively low star formation efficiency, analogous to that of local spiral disks, for the formation of today's most massive galaxies and their central black holes. Given the high space density of similar galaxies, ∼10–4/Mpc3, this implies a widespread presence of gas-rich galaxies in the early universe, many of which might be within reach of detailed investigations of current and planned facilities.
Cosmology: Observations - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Formation - Galaxies: High-Redshift - Galaxies: Starburst
Text: [DDO2006] ObjNNNNN (Nos 4171, 21000).
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2008ApJ...673L..21D and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu