The outer scale of turbulence in the magnetoionized galactic interstellar medium.
HAVERKORN M., BROWN J.C., GAENSLER B.M. and McCLURE-GRIFFITHS N.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We analyze Faraday rotation and depolarization of extragalactic radio point sources in the direction of the inner Galactic plane to determine the outer scale and amplitude of the rotation measure power spectrum. Structure functions of rotation measure show lower amplitudes than expected when extrapolating electron density fluctuations to large scales assuming a Kolmogorov spectral index. This implies an outer scale of those fluctuations on the order of a parsec, much smaller than commonly assumed. Analysis of the partial depolarization of point sources independently indicates a small outer scale of a Kolmogorov power spectrum. In the Galaxy's spiral arms, no rotation measure fluctuations on scales above a few parsecs are measured. In the interarm regions fluctuations on larger scales than in spiral arms are present, and show power-law behavior with a shallow spectrum. These results suggest that in the spiral arms stellar sources such as stellar winds or protostellar outflows dominate the energy injection for the turbulent energy cascade on parsec scales, while in the interarm regions supernova and superbubble explosions are the main sources of energy on scales on the order of 100 pc.
ISM: Magnetic Fields - ISM: Structure - Magnetic Fields - Radio Continuum: ISM - Techniques: Polarimetric - Turbulence