Spitzer/MIPS 24 µm observations of galaxy clusters: an increasing fraction of obscured star-forming members from z = 0.02 to z = 0.83.
SAINTONGE A., TRAN K.-V.H. and HOLDEN B.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study the mid-infrared properties of 1315 spectroscopically confirmed members in eight massive (Mvir≳5x1014 M☉) galaxy clusters covering the redshift range from 0.02 to 0.83. The selected clusters all have deep Spitzer/MIPS 24 µm observations, Hubble and ground-based photometry, and extensive redshift catalogs. We observe for the first time an increase in the fraction of cluster galaxies with mid-infrared star formation rates higher than 5 M☉/yr from 3% at z=0.02 to 13% at z=0.83 (RP≤1 Mpc). This increase is reproduced even when considering only the most massive members (M*≥4x1010 M☉). The 24 µm observations reveal stronger evolution in the fraction of blue/star-forming cluster galaxies than in color-selected samples: the number of dusty, strongly star-forming cluster galaxies increases with redshift, and combining these with the optically defined Butcher-Oemler members [Δ(B-V)←0.2] doubles the total fraction of blue/star-forming galaxies in the inner Mpc of the clusters to ∼23% at z=0.83. These results, the first of our Spitzer/MIPS Infra-Red Cluster Survey (SMIRCS), support earlier studies indicating that the increase in star-forming members is driven by cluster assembly and galaxy infall, as is expected in the framework of hierarchical formation.
Galaxies: Clusters: General - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Fundamental Parameters