2008ApJ...687..899R


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.02.21CET11:28:23

2008ApJ...687..899R - Astrophys. J., 687, 899-918 (2008/November-2)

The regulation of cooling and star formation in luminous galaxies by active galactic nucleus feedback and the cooling-time/entropy threshold for the onset of star formation.

RAFFERTY D.A., McNAMARA B.R. and NULSEN P.E.J.

Abstract (from CDS):

Using broadband optical imaging and Chandra X-ray data for a sample of 46 cluster central dominant galaxies (CDGs), we investigate the connection between star formation, the intracluster medium (ICM), and the central active galactic nucleus (AGN). We report the discovery of a remarkably sharp threshold for the onset of star formation that occurs when the central cooling time of the hot atmosphere falls below ∼5x108 yr, or equivalently when the central entropy falls below ∼30 keV cm2. In addition to this criterion, star formation in cooling flows also appears to require that the X-ray and galaxy centroids lie within ∼20 kpc of each other and that the jet (cavity) power is smaller than the X-ray cooling luminosity. These three criteria, together with the high ratio of cooling time to AGN outburst (cavity) age across our sample, directly link the presence of star formation and AGN activity in CDGs to cooling instabilities in the intracluster plasma. Our results provide compelling evidence that AGN feedback into the hot ICM is largely responsible for regulating cooling and star formation in the cores of clusters, leading to the significant growth of supermassive black holes in CDGs at late times.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Cooling Flows - Galaxies: Clusters: General - Galaxies: Elliptical and Lenticular, cD - X-Rays: Galaxies: Clusters

Simbad objects: 88

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Number of rows : 88

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 ACO 85 ClG 00 41 37.8 -09 20 33           ~ 776 0
2 MCG-02-02-086 BiC 00 41 50.451 -09 18 11.46   14 13.52 12.94   ~ 101 1
3 87GB 005314.6+260945 BiC 00 55 50.583 +26 24 36.68   18.63   16.26   ~ 195 1
4 ACO 133 ClG 01 02 39.0 -21 57 15           ~ 328 1
5 ESO 541-13 BiC 01 02 41.771 -21 52 55.75   14.54 15.1 12.94   ~ 68 3
6 ACO 223 ClG 01 37 55.9 -12 49 11           ~ 104 1
7 2MASX J01375602-1249106 BiC 01 37 56.026 -12 49 10.61           ~ 5 0
8 NGC 708 BiC 01 52 46.482 +36 09 06.53 14.85 14.27 13.29 12.67 12.09 ~ 210 3
9 ACO 262 ClG 01 52 50.4 +36 08 46           ~ 647 1
10 SDSS J024803.39-033145.2 BiC 02 48 03.392 -03 31 45.22   17.89   15.76   ~ 16 1
11 ACO 383 ClG 02 48 06.9 -03 29 32           ~ 293 0
12 NGC 1129 BiC 02 54 27.400 +41 34 46.70   14.6 13.6     ~ 101 1
13 2MAXI J0254+416 ClG 02 54 32.2 +41 35 10           ~ 295 1
14 ACO 426 ClG 03 19 47.2 +41 30 47           ~ 1909 1
15 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3497 3
16 ZwCl 0335+0956 ClG 03 38 35.3 +09 57 54           ~ 340 1
17 2MASX J03384056+0958119 LIN 03 38 40.568 +09 58 11.94   16.5       ~ 35 1
18 ACO 478 ClG 04 13 20.7 +10 28 35           ~ 463 0
19 2MASX J04132526+1027551 BiC 04 13 25.266 +10 27 55.14           ~ 19 1
20 ACO 496 ClG 04 33 30.3838 -13 14 21.584           ~ 655 2
21 NAME A496cD BiC 04 33 37.841 -13 15 43.04   13.95 14.22     ~ 88 1
22 LEDA 1240180 GiC 04 54 03.82 +02 53 32.4           ~ 5 0
23 ACO 520 ClG 04 54 19.0 +02 56 49           ~ 375 0
24 ZwCl 0735+7421 ClG 07 41 40.3 +74 14 58     17.70     ~ 211 0
25 4C 74.13 BiC 07 41 44.449 +74 14 39.59   20.15 18.53     ~ 19 2
26 2MASX J07473129-1917403 BiC 07 47 31.296 -19 17 40.34   19.60       ~ 393 1
27 ClG 0745-19 ClG 07 47 31.3 -19 17 40           ~ 363 0
28 NAME Hya A LIN 09 18 05.651 -12 05 43.99   14.38 14.8     ~ 892 1
29 ACO 780 ClG 09 18 30 -12 15.7           ~ 423 0
30 ZwCl 1021+0426 ClG 10 23 39.0 +04 11 14   15.6       ~ 242 0
31 NAME Z3146 BCG BiC 10 23 39.634 +04 11 10.66   18.6       ~ 23 1
32 2MASX J10404446+3957117 Sy2 10 40 44.4964778551 +39 57 11.174012355   18.76 18.14     ~ 32 1
33 ACO 1068 ClG 10 40 47.1 +39 57 19           ~ 182 0
34 4C 46.23 QSO 11 43 39.600 +46 21 20.44   14.9       ~ 49 1
35 ACO 1361 ClG 11 43 39.6 +46 21 20           ~ 79 0
36 MCG+04-28-097 BiC 11 55 17.985 +23 24 17.72   19.5       ~ 19 1
37 ACO 1413 ClG 11 55 18.0 +23 24 19           ~ 374 0
38 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6104 3
39 HCG 62 CGG 12 53 05.6 -09 12 21           ~ 290 0
40 NGC 4761 BiC 12 53 05.676 -09 12 14.18   13.79   11.25   ~ 75 1
41 ACO 1650 ClG 12 58 36.76 -01 43 34.2           ~ 265 0
42 2dFGRS TGN256Z066 BiC 12 58 41.495 -01 45 41.02   15.93   14.14   ~ 20 0
43 NGC 4874 LIN 12 59 35.709 +27 57 33.80 13.01 13.7 11.40 12.122 11.386 ~ 704 3
44 ACO 1656 ClG 12 59 48.7 +27 58 50           ~ 4148 2
45 MCG+05-33-005 LIN 13 48 52.511 +26 35 34.84   14.0       ~ 217 2
46 ACO 1795 ClG 13 49 00.5 +26 35 07           ~ 1145 0
47 ACO 1835 ClG 14 01 02.07 +02 52 43.2           ~ 618 1
48 NAME SMM J14010+0252 Sy1 14 01 02.0854024806 +02 52 42.389426039   19.3       ~ 40 2
49 ACO 1991 ClG 14 54 30.2 +18 37 51           ~ 302 1
50 NGC 5778 BiC 14 54 31.484 +18 38 32.50   15.6       ~ 58 3
51 2MASX J14571507+2220341 BiC 14 57 15.108 +22 20 34.39   18.5   16.82   ~ 20 1
52 ZwCl 1455+2232 ClG 14 57 15.2 +22 20 30     18.62     ~ 259 0
53 ClG J1504-0248 ClG 15 04 07.4 -02 48 15           ~ 147 0
54 2MASX J15040752-0248161 Sy1 15 04 07.519415 -02 48 16.65402   18.53 18.08     ~ 42 1
55 IC 1101 BiC 15 10 56.100 +05 44 41.19   15.10       ~ 134 2
56 ACO 2029 ClG 15 10 58.7 +05 45 42           ~ 843 0
57 UGC 9799 Sy2 15 16 44.4894653562 +07 01 17.830884159   15.19 14.17     ~ 411 3
58 ACO 2052 ClG 15 16 45.5 +07 00 01           ~ 669 1
59 MCG+05-36-022 GiC 15 22 28.910 +27 42 44.71   17.22       ~ 15 1
60 ACO 2065 ClG 15 22 42.6 +27 43 21           ~ 337 0
61 LEDA 1900245 Bla 15 32 53.780 +30 20 59.41   19.1   15.7   ~ 124 0
62 ClG J1532+3021 ClG 15 32 53.8 +30 21 00           ~ 87 0
63 LEDA 140648 BiC 16 35 49.1 +66 12 40   17.5       ~ 24 1
64 ACO 2218 ClG 16 35 54.0 +66 13 00           ~ 775 1
65 NAME Hercules A BiC 16 51 08.024 +04 59 34.91     18.25     ~ 428 1
66 NAME Hercules A Cluster ClG 16 51 10.0 +04 59 46           ~ 41 0
67 ACO 2244 ClG 17 02 34.01 +34 04 41.1           ~ 242 0
68 2MASXI J1702424+340336 BiC 17 02 42.4909851513 +34 03 35.823596936   14.5       ~ 22 1
69 NGC 6338 Bla 17 15 23.0 +57 24 40   14.2   8   ~ 138 2
70 ClG J1720+2638 ClG 17 20 09.6 +26 37 35           ~ 199 0
71 2MASX J17201001+2637317 BiC 17 20 10.040 +26 37 32.06   20.4       ~ 27 2
72 ClG J1720+3536 ClG 17 20 16.8 +35 36 27           ~ 106 1
73 2MASX J17222717+3207571 BiC 17 22 27.185 +32 07 57.25           ~ 33 1
74 ACO 2261 ClG 17 22 28.3 +32 09 13           ~ 276 0
75 ACO 2319 ClG 19 20 45.3 +43 57 43           ~ 410 1
76 MCG+07-40-004 BiC 19 21 10.027 +43 56 44.22   15.3       ~ 20 1
77 ACO 2390 ClG 21 53 34.6 +17 40 11           ~ 618 2
78 NAME SMM J21536+1741 BiC 21 53 36.82670 +17 41 43.7260     19.58     ~ 40 2
79 2MASX J22005255+2058087 BiC 22 00 52.551 +20 58 08.78           ~ 9 0
80 ACO 2409 ClG 22 00 52.7 +20 58 27           ~ 61 0
81 ACO 2597 ClG 23 25 19.70 -12 07 27.7           ~ 487 0
82 2E 4728 LIN 23 25 19.731 -12 07 27.51   15.45 15.46     ~ 169 2
83 IC 5338 BiC 23 36 30.6133357036 +21 08 50.528599679   15.5       ~ 76 1
84 ACO 2626 ClG 23 36 31.0 +21 09 36           ~ 204 0
85 ACO 2657 ClG 23 44 51.0 +09 08 40           ~ 257 3
86 MCG+01-60-030 BiC 23 44 57.417 +09 11 35.39   15.6       ~ 28 0
87 ACO 2670 ClG 23 54 13.64 -10 25 08.7           ~ 332 0
88 2MASX J23541371-1025084 LIN 23 54 13.663 -10 25 08.48   15.32       ~ 44 2

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.02.21-11:28:23

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