Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 383, 375-382 (2008/January-1)
Spatial distribution of stars and brown dwarfs in σ Orionis.
Abstract (from CDS):
I have re-visited the spatial distribution of stars and high-mass brown dwarfs in the σ Orionis (σ Ori) cluster (∼3Ma, ∼360pc). The input was a catalogue of 340 cluster members and candidates at separations less than 30arcmin to σ Ori AB. Of them, 70 per cent have features of extreme youth. I fitted the normalized cumulative number of objects counting from the cluster centre to several power-law, exponential and King radial distributions. The cluster seems to have two components: a dense core that extends from the centre to r ~ 20arcmin and a rarified halo at larger separations. The radial distribution in the core follows a power law proportional to r1, which corresponds to a volume density proportional to r–2. This is consistent with the collapse of an isothermal spherical molecular cloud. The stars more massive than 3.7M☉concentrate, however, towards the cluster centre, where there is also an apparent deficit of very low mass objects (M < 0.16M☉). Last, I demonstrated through Monte Carlo simulations that the cluster is azimuthally asymmetric, with a filamentary overdensity of objects that runs from the cluster centre to the Horsehead Nebula.