Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 387, 31-44 (2008/June-2)
The `Carina Flare' supershell: probing the atomic and molecular ISM in a Galactic chimney.
DAWSON J.R., MIZUNO N., ONISHI T., McCLURE-GRIFFITHS N.M. and FUKUI Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
The `Carina Flare' supershell, GSH 287+04-17, is a molecular supershell originally discovered in 12CO(J = 1-0) with the NANTEN 4m telescope. We present the first study of the shell's atomic ISM, using HI 21-cm line data from the Parkes 64-m telescope Southern Galactic Plane Survey. The data reveal a gently expanding, ∼230x360 pc HI supershell that shows strong evidence of Galactic Plane blowout, with a break in its main body at z ∼ 280 pc and a capped high-latitude extension reaching z ∼ 450 pc. The molecular clouds form comoving parts of the atomic shell, and the morphology of the two phases reflects the supershell's influence on the structure of the ISM. We also report the first discovery of an ionized component of the supershell, in the form of delicate, streamer-like filaments aligned with the proposed direction of blowout. The distance estimate to the shell is re-examined, and we find strong evidence to support the original suggestion that it is located in the Carina Arm at a distance of 2.6±0.4 kpc. Associated HI and H2 masses are estimated as MHI~ 7±3x105M☉ and, and the kinetic energy of the expanding shell as EK∼ 1x1051 erg. We examine the results of analytical and numerical models to estimate a required formation energy of several 1051 to ∼1052 erg, and an age of ∼107 yr. This age is compatible with molecular cloud formation time-scales, and we briefly consider the viability of a supershell-triggered origin for the molecular component.
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 RAS
ISM: atoms - ISM: bubbles - ISM: evolution - ISM: molecules - ISM: structure - Galaxy: structure
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