Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 391, 1279-1300 (2008/December-2)
Multiwavelength study of a young open cluster NGC7419.
JOSHI H., KUMAR B., SINGH K.P., SAGAR R., SHARMA S. and PANDEY J.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using new UBVRIHα CCD photometric observations and the archival infrared and X-ray data, we have carried out a multiwavelength study of a Perseus arm young open star cluster NGC7419. An age of 22.5±3.0Myr and a distance of 3230+330–430 pc are derived for the cluster. Our photometric data indicate a higher value of colour excess ratio E(U - B)/E(B - V) than the normal one. There is an evidence for mass segregation in this dynamically relaxed cluster and in the range 1.4-8.6M☉, the mass function slope is in agreement with the Salpeter value. Excess emissions in near-infrared and Hα support the existence of a young (≤2Myr) stellar population of Herbig Ae/Be stars (≥3.0M☉) indicating a second episode of star formation in the cluster region. Using XMM-Newton observations, we found several X-ray sources in the cluster region but none of the Herbig Ae/Be stars is detected in X-rays. We compare the distribution of upper limits for Herbig Ae/Be stars with the X-ray distribution functions of the T Tauri and the Herbig Ae/Be stars from previous studies, and found that the X-ray emission level of these Herbig Ae/Be stars is not more than LX∼ 5.2x1030erg/s, which is not significantly higher than for the T Tauri stars. Therefore, X-ray emission from Herbig Ae/Be stars could be the result of either unresolved companion stars or a process similar to T Tauri stars. We report an extended X-ray emission from the cluster region NGC7419, with a total X-ray luminosity estimate of ∼1.8 x1031erg/s/arcmin2. If the extended emission is due to unresolved emission from the point sources then we estimate ∼288 T Tauri stars in the cluster region each having X-ray luminosity ∼1.0x1030erg/s. Investigation of dust attenuation and12CO emission map of a square degree region around the cluster indicates the presence of a foreground dust cloud which is most likely associated with the local arm star-forming region (Sh2-154). This cloud harbours uniformly distributed pre-main-sequence stars (0.1-2.0M☉), with no obvious trend of their distribution with either (H - K) excess or AV. This suggests that the star formation in this cloud depend mostly upon the primordial fragmentation.
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 RAS
stars: emission-line, Be - stars: formation - stars: pre-main-sequence - X-rays: galaxies: clusters - X-rays: stars
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/391/1279): table3.dat table6.dat table13.dat>
Table 3: [JKS2008] NNNN (Nos 1-1817). Table 13: [JKS2008] XNN (Nos X1-X66).
Status at CDS
All or part of tables of objects could be ingested in SIMBAD with priority 2.
Table 9: ID 44 is a misprint for ID 42 ([JKS2008] 42 in SIMBAD). In ref. list Dobashi + 2005 is 2005PASJ.57... instead of 2005PASP.57...
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