2009A&A...494.1137L


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.04.16CEST14:18:30

2009A&A...494.1137L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 494, 1137-1166 (2009/2-2)

The Quintuplet cluster. I. A K-band spectral catalog of stellar sources.

LIERMANN A., HAMANN W.-R. and OSKINOVA L.M.

Abstract (from CDS):

Three very massive clusters are known to reside in the Galactic center region, the Arches cluster, the Quintuplet cluster, and the central parsec cluster, each of them rich in young hot stars. With new infrared instruments, this region is no longer obscured for the observer. For understanding these very massive clusters, it is essential to know their stellar inventory. We provide comprehensive spectroscopic data for the stellar population of the Quintuplet cluster that will form the basis of subsequent spectral analyses. Spectroscopic observations of the Quintuplet cluster were obtained with the Integral Field Spectrograph SINFONI-SPIFFI at the ESO-VLT. The inner part of the Quintuplet cluster was covered by 22 slightly overlapping fields, each of them of 8"x8" in size. The spectral range comprises the near-IR K-band from 1.94 to 2.45µm. The 3D data cubes of the individual fields were flux-calibrated and combined to one contiguous cube, from which the spectra of all detectable point sources were extracted. We present a catalog of 160 stellar sources in the inner part of the Quintuplet cluster. The flux-calibrated K-band spectra of 98 early-type stars and 62 late-type stars are provided as Online Material. Based on these spectra, we assign spectral types to all detected sources and derive synthetic Ks-band magnitudes. Our sample is complete to about the 13th K-magnitude. We report the detection of two hitherto unknown Wolf-Rayet stars of late WC type (WC9 or later). Radial velocities are measured and employed to assess the cluster membership. The quantitative analysis of the early-type spectra will be the subject of a subsequent paper.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): catalogs - Galaxy: center - Galaxy: open cluster and associations: individual: quintuplet - infrared: stars - stars:late-type - stars: early-type

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/494/1137): table2.dat>

Nomenclature: Table 2: LHO NNN (Nos 1-160).

Simbad objects: 177

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Number of rows : 177

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 NAME Galactic Center gam 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 12108 0
2 GCIRS 16 Cl* 17 45 40.0 -29 00 28           ~ 318 0
3 NAME Arches Cluster Cl* 17 45 50.5 -28 49 28           ~ 649 0
4 NAME Quintuplet Cluster OpC 17 46 13.9 -28 49 48           ~ 463 0
5 WR 102de WR* 17 46 14.0 -28 49 24           ~ 1 0
6 LHO 149 s*b 17 46 14.00 -28 49 18.6           O7-9.7I 2 0
7 LHO 70 * 17 46 14.03 -28 49 37.3           O7-8If 3 0
8 WR 102d WR* 17 46 14.05 -28 49 16.5           WN9 16 0
9 LHO 87 * 17 46 14.08 -28 49 33.9           K4II 2 0
10 LHO 45 * 17 46 14.10 -28 49 40.7           O7-B1I 2 0
11 LHO 91 * 17 46 14.10 -28 49 33.3           K5II 2 0
12 [GMC99] D278 * 17 46 14.1 -28 49 17           ~ 2 0
13 LHO 75 WR* 17 46 14.11 -28 49 36.7           WC9?d 22 0
14 LHO 127 * 17 46 14.124 -28 49 26.15           K1II 2 0
15 LHO 151 * 17 46 14.14 -28 49 18.0           K0?II 1 0
16 LHO 76 WR* 17 46 14.15 -28 49 35.2           WC9d 7 0
17 LHO 114 * 17 46 14.15 -28 49 28.2           K4II 2 0
18 LHO 103 * 17 46 14.16 -28 49 31.5           O7-9If 3 0
19 LHO 60 * 17 46 14.21 -28 49 38.1           O9-B1If? 2 0
20 LHO 122 s*b 17 46 14.21 -28 49 26.7           O7-9.7Ie 3 0
21 LHO 131 * 17 46 14.22 -28 49 24.9           K2II 1 0
22 LHO 23 * 17 46 14.266 -28 49 45.23           O3-6I-IIf 3 0
23 LHO 147 * 17 46 14.27 -28 49 20.0           M0II 2 0
24 LHO 69 s*b 17 46 14.29 -28 49 37.3           O6-9.7If? 3 0
25 LHO 88 * 17 46 14.29 -28 49 33.8           O3-4IIIf 3 0
26 LHO 102 WR* 17 46 14.30 -28 49 31.5           WC9?d 20 0
27 LHO 142 * 17 46 14.30 -28 49 22.1           K3II 1 0
28 LHO 30 * 17 46 14.31 -28 49 43.1           K5II 2 0
29 LHO 37 * 17 46 14.32 -28 49 41.5           O9-B3I-II 3 0
30 LHO 121 * 17 46 14.33 -28 49 27.0           K1I 2 0
31 LHO 61 * 17 46 14.38 -28 49 38.0           O7-9If? 2 0
32 LHO 132 s*b 17 46 14.40 -28 49 24.6           O7-9I-IIf? 3 0
33 LHO 83 * 17 46 14.41 -28 49 34.3           M2I 2 0
34 LHO 39 s*b 17 46 14.43 -28 49 40.8           O7-8Ia 4 0
35 LHO 54 s*b 17 46 14.46 -28 49 39.0           O7-9I-IIf? 4 0
36 LHO 38 * 17 46 14.49 -28 49 41.2           K2II 2 0
37 [WDL2006] 214 s*b 17 46 14.50 -28 49 36.6           O9-B0Ia 9 0
38 LHO 78 * 17 46 14.50 -28 49 34.6           M1I 2 0
39 qF 252 * 17 46 14.5 -28 49 34           ~ 2 0
40 LHO 125 * 17 46 14.50 -28 49 26.6           O7-9I-II 2 0
41 LHO 128 s*b 17 46 14.57 -28 49 25.9           O3-5I 3 0
42 WR 102dc WR* 17 46 14.69 -28 49 40.7           WC9d+OB 51 0
43 LHO 29 s*b 17 46 14.71 -28 49 43.2           O9-B2If?e 3 0
44 LHO 116 * 17 46 14.72 -28 49 27.9           M1I-II 2 0
45 LHO 129 * 17 46 14.72 -28 49 25.3           K3II 2 0
46 LHO 53 * 17 46 14.73 -28 49 39.0           M3I 3 0
47 LHO 84 WR* 17 46 14.77 -28 49 34.2           WC9d 27 0
48 LHO 119 * 17 46 14.77 -28 49 27.4           K0?I 2 0
49 LHO 95 * 17 46 14.79 -28 49 32.7           K1I 2 0
50 LHO 98 * 17 46 14.85 -28 49 31.7           K4I 2 0
51 LHO 154 * 17 46 14.85 -28 49 17.3           O7-9I 2 0
52 LHO 90 s*b 17 46 14.88 -28 49 33.3           O7-9.5Ife? 3 0
53 LHO 117 * 17 46 14.88 -28 49 27.7           K0?I 2 0
54 NAME GCS 3 I HII 17 46 14.9 -28 49 34           ~ 8 0
55 LHO 35 * 17 46 14.92 -28 49 41.6           O9-B2Ie? 3 0
56 LHO 73 s*b 17 46 14.92 -28 49 36.7           O6.5-7If? 3 0
57 LHO 44 s*b 17 46 14.94 -28 49 40.6           O7-9If? 2 0
58 LHO 65 * 17 46 14.94 -28 49 37.7           O3-7Ieq? 3 0
59 LHO 111 * 17 46 14.95 -28 49 28.9           O8-9If? 3 0
60 LHO 109 * 17 46 14.96 -28 49 29.6           O7-9If? 3 0
61 LHO 141 s*b 17 46 14.99 -28 49 22.3           O9.7-B1I 2 0
62 LHO 56 * 17 46 15.00 -28 49 38.7           O7-9If? 3 0
63 LHO 89 s*b 17 46 15.00 -28 49 33.2           O7.5-8.5If 3 0
64 LHO 135 * 17 46 15.00 -28 49 24.3           K4I 2 0
65 LHO 101 * 17 46 15.04 -28 49 31.4           O6-8If?e? 3 0
66 LHO 148 s*b 17 46 15.05 -28 49 18.9           O7-9I 2 0
67 LHO 48 s*b 17 46 15.06 -28 49 39.8           O7.5-9.5If? 3 0
68 LHO 26 s*b 17 46 15.07 -28 49 44.5           O5-B0If? 3 0
69 GMM 15 s*b 17 46 15.09 -28 49 29.4           O6/8If 17 1
70 GMM 5 s*r 17 46 15.104 -28 49 29.38           M2I 16 0
71 LHO 5 * 17 46 15.11 -28 49 51.0           O6.5-9If? 2 0
72 LHO 71 WR* 17 46 15.12 -28 49 36.9           WN9 21 0
73 GMM 12 s*b 17 46 15.13 -28 49 34.7           B0-1Ia+ 12 0
74 [LFG99] QR6 Rad 17 46 15.14 -28 49 32.7           ~ 6 0
75 LHO 10 * 17 46 15.15 -28 49 47.9           O7-9If 2 0
76 [WDL2006] 216 s*b 17 46 15.15 -28 49 32.4           O6-8Ife 16 0
77 LHO 100 s*b 17 46 15.15 -28 49 31.4           O6-8Ife 4 0
78 LHO 31 s*b 17 46 15.16 -28 49 43.0           O9-B1If? 3 0
79 WR 102f WR* 17 46 15.16 -28 49 39.4           WC8 10 0
80 WR 102g WR* 17 46 15.18 -28 49 41.6           WC8 9 0
81 LHO 153 * 17 46 15.18 -28 49 17.5           K4II 1 0
82 MGM 5-11a IR 17 46 15.2 -28 49 41           ~ 7 0
83 LHO 58 * 17 46 15.20 -28 49 38.3           O9-B1I-IIp? 3 0
84 LHO 46 s*b 17 46 15.21 -28 49 40.3           O9-B0Ia 3 0
85 CXOGCS J174615.2-284932 X 17 46 15.22 -28 49 32.6           ~ 4 0
86 LHO 16 s*b 17 46 15.24 -28 49 46.5           O8.5-9.7Iab?f? 3 0
87 [FMM95] 3 s*b 17 46 15.240 -28 50 03.58           LBV 142 1
88 LHO 134 * 17 46 15.25 -28 49 24.4           O9-B2If? 3 0
89 LHO 86 * 17 46 15.27 -28 49 34.0           K0?I 2 0
90 LHO 9 * 17 46 15.28 -28 49 49.3           O4-6If? 2 0
91 LHO 22 * 17 46 15.28 -28 49 45.0           K2I 2 0
92 LHO 28 s*b 17 46 15.28 -28 49 43.7           O7-9Ie 3 0
93 qF 197 * 17 46 15.3 -28 49 50           ~ 2 0
94 LHO 72 * 17 46 15.31 -28 49 36.9           O5-6Ib-III 2 0
95 LHO 144 s*b 17 46 15.34 -28 49 20.4           O7-9I 2 0
96 LHO 15 * 17 46 15.35 -28 49 46.9           O4-7If 2 0
97 LHO 155 * 17 46 15.36 -28 49 17.1           K2II 1 0
98 LHO 36 s*r 17 46 15.3671272980 -28 49 41.778969079   17.2   15.1   K0?I 4 0
99 LHO 4 * 17 46 15.37 -28 49 51.0           M1II 1 0
100 LHO 59 * 17 46 15.38 -28 49 38.3           O9-B1I 3 0
101 GMM 6 WR* 17 46 15.38 -28 49 34.5           WC9d 13 0
102 LHO 140 * 17 46 15.38 -28 49 22.7           K3II 2 0
103 LHO 108 * 17 46 15.45 -28 49 29.7           ~ 8 0
104 GMM 14 s*b 17 46 15.48 -28 49 20.1           B1-2Ia+ 8 0
105 LHO 21 * 17 46 15.50 -28 49 45.0           K4I 2 0
106 LHO 18 * 17 46 15.56 -28 49 45.7           O7-8If 2 0
107 LHO 93 * 17 46 15.56 -28 49 32.8           K3I 2 0
108 LHO 105 * 17 46 15.58 -28 49 31.0           O7-9If? 3 0
109 LHO 64 * 17 46 15.59 -28 49 37.7           O7-9If? 3 0
110 LHO 150 * 17 46 15.61 -28 49 18.1           K1I 1 0
111 LHO 156 * 17 46 15.61 -28 49 16.9           ~ 3 0
112 LHO 124 * 17 46 15.63 -28 49 26.7           K0?I 2 0
113 LHO 8 * 17 46 15.66 -28 49 49.4           K2I 1 0
114 LHO 17 * 17 46 15.69 -28 49 46.0           O3-7I-IIf? 2 0
115 LHO 123 * 17 46 15.69 -28 49 26.6           K1I 2 0
116 LHO 55 * 17 46 15.70 -28 49 38.9           O7-9If 3 0
117 LHO 3 * 17 46 15.73 -28 49 51.3           O6-8If 2 0
118 LHO 94 * 17 46 15.73 -28 49 32.6           O7-B1If? 3 0
119 LHO 82 * 17 46 15.75 -28 49 34.3           K5II 1 0
120 LHO 32 * 17 46 15.76 -28 49 42.9           B1.5-3If? 3 0
121 LHO 51 s*b 17 46 15.781 -28 49 39.20           O7-9If 3 0
122 LHO 41 s*b 17 46 15.83 -28 49 40.8           O9-B1If 3 0
123 LHO 52 * 17 46 15.85 -28 49 39.0           ~ 3 0
124 WR 102ha WR* 17 46 15.86544 -28 49 45.6312           WC8/9d+OB 55 0
125 LHO 160 * 17 46 15.90 -28 49 15.8           K1II 1 0
126 LHO 67 WR* 17 46 15.940 -28 49 38.05           WN9 19 0
127 LHO 159 * 17 46 15.94 -28 49 16.4           O7-9I 2 0
128 LHO 2 * 17 46 15.95 -28 49 51.3           O7.5-B2I-IIe 2 0
129 LHO 81 * 17 46 15.96 -28 49 34.2           O3-4II/III?f 3 0
130 LHO 63 * 17 46 16.00 -28 49 37.9           M2I 2 0
131 LHO 143 s*b 17 46 16.01 -28 49 21.8           O9-B0Ia 7 0
132 LHO 145 * 17 46 16.01 -28 49 20.3           O7-9I 2 0
133 LHO 133 * 17 46 16.02 -28 49 24.3           K3II 1 0
134 LHO 12 * 17 46 16.05 -28 49 47.2           ~ 2 0
135 LHO 80 * 17 46 16.05 -28 49 34.6           K4I-II 1 0
136 LHO 107 * 17 46 16.05 -28 49 30.1           O7-9If? 2 0
137 LHO 118 s*b 17 46 16.05 -28 49 27.4           O6-9If? 2 0
138 LHO 157 * 17 46 16.06 -28 49 16.9           O3-4II/III? 2 0
139 LHO 113 * 17 46 16.07 -28 49 28.2           K2I 1 0
140 LHO 24 * 17 46 16.08 -28 49 45.1           O7-9If?e 2 0
141 LHO 152 * 17 46 16.08 -28 49 17.6           O6.5-8I-IIf 2 0
142 LHO 40 * 17 46 16.20 -28 49 41.0           M1II 1 0
143 LHO 68 * 17 46 16.24 -28 49 37.4           K2II 1 0
144 CXOGCS J174616.29-284940.8 X 17 46 16.29 -28 49 40.8           ~ 4 0
145 LHO 50 s*b 17 46 16.29 -28 49 39.4           O7-B1If 2 0
146 LHO 138 * 17 46 16.30 -28 49 22.9           M1I 1 0
147 LHO 85 * 17 46 16.31 -28 49 34.1           M3I 1 0
148 LHO 106 * 17 46 16.31 -28 49 30.4           O7-9.5I 2 0
149 LHO 14 * 17 46 16.33 -28 49 47.0           K3II 1 0
150 LHO 104 * 17 46 16.34 -28 49 31.1           O9-B2I-IIf? 2 0
151 LHO 66 * 17 46 16.38 -28 49 37.8           K3II 1 0
152 LHO 11 * 17 46 16.42 -28 49 47.9           O3-7I-IIe 2 0
153 LHO 130 * 17 46 16.44 -28 49 24.9           O7.5-9I-IIe? 2 0
154 LHO 20 * 17 46 16.45 -28 49 45.5           K5II 1 0
155 LHO 6 * 17 46 16.49 -28 49 50.3           M7I 2 0
156 LHO 136 * 17 46 16.51 -28 49 23.9           M2I 2 0
157 LHO 49 * 17 46 16.52 -28 49 39.4           K0?I 1 0
158 WR 102i WR* 17 46 16.54 -28 49 32.0           WN9 14 0
159 LHO 126 * 17 46 16.56 -28 49 26.2           O7-9If? 2 0
160 LHO 43 * 17 46 16.57 -28 49 40.8           K0I 1 0
161 LHO 62 * 17 46 16.58 -28 49 37.9           O7-B1I-IIf 2 0
162 NSV 23780 V* 17 46 16.59 -28 49 49.8           ~ 20 0
163 LHO 120 * 17 46 16.59 -28 49 27.2           O5-9I-IIf? 2 0
164 LHO 33 s*b 17 46 16.60 -28 49 42.7           O9-B3I-IIf 2 0
165 LHO 137 * 17 46 16.60 -28 49 23.6           K2I 1 0
166 LHO 139 * 17 46 16.61 -28 49 22.8           O7-9If? 2 0
167 LHO 13 * 17 46 16.64 -28 49 47.0           O6-B2I 2 0
168 LHO 25 * 17 46 16.65 -28 49 44.9           M0II 1 0
169 LHO 27 * 17 46 16.65 -28 49 44.0           K1II 1 0
170 LHO 57 * 17 46 16.68 -28 49 38.8           K1I 1 0
171 LHO 92 * 17 46 16.69 -28 49 32.8           O8-9.7I 2 0
172 LHO 97 * 17 46 16.69 -28 49 32.1           O7-B2I-II 2 0
173 LHO 112 * 17 46 16.72 -28 49 28.4           K4I-II 1 0
174 LHO 1 s*b 17 46 16.74 -28 49 51.2           O7-8Ia+/WNLh 6 0
175 MGM 5-13a IR ~ ~           ~ 2 0
176 MGM 5-13b IR ~ ~           ~ 2 0
177 MGM 5-11b IR ~ ~           ~ 2 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.04.16-14:18:30

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