SIMBAD references

2009A&A...506..927L - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 506, 927-934 (2009/11-1)

Constraining the orbit of the possible companion to β Pictoris. New deep imaging observations.

LAGRANGE A.-M., KASPER M., BOCCALETTI A., CHAUVIN G., GRATADOUR D., FUSCO T., EHRENREICH D., APAI D., MOUILLET D. and ROUAN D.

Abstract (from CDS):

We recently reported on the detection of a possible planetary mass companion to {beta} Pictoris at a projected separation of 8AU from the star, using data taken in November 2003 with NaCo, the adaptive-optics system installed on the Very Large Telescope UT4. Even though no second epoch detection was available, there are strong arguments to favor a gravitationally bound companion rather than a background object. If confirmed and located at a physical separation of 8 AU, this companion would be the closest planet ever imaged, and above all, could have formed via core-accretion. Its apparent magnitude would indicate a typical temperature of ∼1500K and a mass of ∼8MJup. Interestingly, a planet with such characteristics would explain the main morphological and dynamical peculiarities of the β Pic system. Our goal was to re-observe β Pic five years later to again detect the companion or, in the case of a non-detection, constrain its orbit. Deep adaptive-optics L'-band direct images of β Pic as well as Ks-band Four Quadrant Phase Mask coronagraph images with were recorded with NaCo. No point-like signal with the brightness of the companion candidate (apparent magnitudes L'=11.2 or Ks≃12.5) was detected at projected distances down to ≃6.5AU in the present data from the star (by comparison, the same limit was reached at ≃5.5AU in the better quality November 2003 data). As expected, the non detection does not allow us to rule out a background companion from an observational point of view. We show that the non detection is consistent with orbital motion. Using these data and previous Ks-band data obtained in 2004, we place strong constraints on the possible orbits of the companion.

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Journal keyword(s): instrumentation: adaptive optics - stars: early-type - stars: planetary systems - stars: individual: β Pictoris

Simbad objects: 3

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2019.09.20-21:16:04

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