Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 508, 923-932 (2009/12-3)
Imaging the spotty surface of Betelgeuse in the H band.
HAUBOIS X., PERRIN G., LACOUR S., VERHOELST T., MEIMON S., MUGNIER L., THIEBAUT E., BERGER J.P., RIDGWAY S.T., MONNIER J.D., MILLAN-GABET R. and TRAUB W.
Abstract (from CDS):
This paper reports on H-band interferometric observations of Betelgeuse
made at the three-telescope interferometer IOTA. We image Betelgeuse
and its asymmetries to understand the spatial variation of the photosphere, including its diameter, limb darkening, effective temperature, surrounding brightness, and bright (or dark) star spots. We used different theoretical simulations of the photosphere and dusty environment to model the visibility data. We made images with parametric modeling and two image reconstruction algorithms: MIRA and WISARD. We measure an average limb-darkened diameter of 44.28±0.15mas with linear and quadratic models and a Rosseland diameter of 45.03±0.12mas with a MARCS model. These measurements lead us to derive an updated effective temperature of 3600±66K. We detect a fully-resolved environment to which the silicate dust shell is likely to contribute. By using two imaging reconstruction algorithms, we unveiled two bright spots on the surface of Betelgeuse
. One spot has a diameter of about 11 mas and accounts for about 8.5% of the total flux. The second one is unresolved (diameter <9mas) with 4.5% of the total flux. Resolved images of Betelgeuse
in the H band are asymmetric at the level of a few percent. The MOLsphere is not detected in this wavelength range. The amount of measured limb-darkening is in good agreement with model predictions. The two spots imaged at the surface of the star are potential signatures of convective cells.
convection - techniques: interferometric - stars: fundamental parameters - infrared: stars - stars: individual: Betelgeuse
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