Astrophys. J., 690, 1193-1207 (2009/January-2)
Silica in protoplanetary disks.
SARGENT B.A., FORREST W.J., TAYRIEN C., McCLURE M.K., LI A., BASU A.R., MANOJ P., WATSON D.M., BOHAC C.J., FURLAN E., KIM K.H., GREEN J.D. and SLOAN G.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Mid-infrared spectra of a few T Tauri stars (TTS) taken with the Infrared Spectrograph on board the Spitzer Space Telescope show prominent narrow emission features indicating silica (crystalline silicon dioxide). Silica is not a major constituent of the interstellar medium; therefore, any silica present in the circumstellar protoplanetary disks of TTS must be largely the result of processing of primitive dust material in the disks surrouding these stars. We model the silica emission features in our spectra using the opacities of various polymorphs of silica and their amorphous versions computed from earth-based laboratory measurements. This modeling indicates that the two polymorphs of silica, tridymite and cristobalite, which form at successively higher temperatures and low pressures, are the dominant forms of silica in the TTS of our sample. These high-temperature, low-pressure polymorphs of silica present in protoplanetary disks are consistent with a grain composed mostly of tridymite named Ada found in the cometary dust samples collected from the STARDUST mission to Comet 81P/Wild 2. The silica in these protoplanetary disks may arise from incongruent melting of enstatite or from incongruent melting of amorphous pyroxene, the latter being analogous to the former. The high temperatures of ∼ 1200-1300 K and rapid cooling required to crystallize tridymite or cristobalite set constraints on the mechanisms that could have formed the silica in these protoplanetary disks, suggestive of processing of these grains during the transient heating events hypothesized to create chondrules.
circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - stars: pre-main sequence - planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
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