BRUNTHALER A., REID M.J., MENTEN K.M., ZHENG X.W., MOSCADELLI L. and XU Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report trigonometric parallaxes for the massive star-forming regions G23.01-0.41 and G23.44-0.18, corresponding to distances of 4.59+0.38–0.33 kpc and 5.88+1.37–0.93kpc, respectively. The distance to G23.01-0.41 is smaller than its near kinematic distance assuming a standard model of the Milky Way and less than half of its far kinematic distance, which has usually been assumed. This places it in the Crux-Scutum spiral arm. The distance to G23.44-0.18 is close to its near kinematic distance and most likely places it in the Norma spiral arm near the end of the Galactic bar. Combining the distance and proper motions with observed radial velocities gives the location and full space motion of the star-forming regions. We find large deviations from circular Galactic orbits for these sources: both sources show peculiar motions of 20-30 km/s counter to Galactic rotation and toward the Galactic center. These large peculiar motions might be the result of gravitational perturbations from the Galactic bar.
astrometry - Galaxy: fundamental parameters - Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - masers - stars: formation - techniques: high angular resolution