Gas stripping in simulated galaxies with a multiphase interstellar medium.
TONNESEN S. and BRYAN G.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
Cluster galaxies moving through the intracluster medium (ICM) are expected to lose some of their interstellar medium (ISM) through ISM-ICM interactions. We perform high-resolution (40 pc) three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of a galaxy undergoing ram pressure stripping, including radiative cooling, in order to investigate stripping of a multiphase medium. The clumpy, multiphase ISM is self-consistently produced by the inclusion of radiative cooling, and spans six orders of magnitude in gas density. We find no large variations in the amount of gas lost whether or not cooling is involved, although the gas in the multiphase galaxy is stripped more quickly and to a smaller radius. We also see significant differences in the morphology of the stripped disks. This occurs because the multiphase medium naturally includes high-density clouds set inside regions of lower density. We find that the lower density gas is stripped quickly from any radius of the galaxy, and the higher density gas can then be ablated. If high-density clouds survive, through interaction with the ICM, they lose enough angular momentum to drift toward the center of the galaxy where they are no longer stripped. Finally, we find that low ram pressure values compress gas into high-density clouds that could lead to enhanced star formation, while high ram pressure leads to a smaller amount of high-density gas.