Astrophys. J., 695, 844-854 (2009/April-3)
Spectroscopic detection of carbon monoxide in two late-type T dwarfs.
GEBALLE T.R., SAUMON D., GOLIMOWSKI D.A., LEGGETT S.K., MARLEY M.S. and NOLL K.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
M-band spectra of two late-type T dwarfs, 2MASS J09373487+2931409, and Gliese 570D, confirm evidence from photometry that photospheric carbon monoxide (CO) is present at abundance levels far in excess of those predicted from chemical equilibrium. These new and unambiguous detections of CO, together with an earlier spectroscopic detection of CO in Gliese 229B and existing M-band photometry of a large selection of T dwarfs, suggest that vertical mixing in the photosphere drives the CO abundance out of chemical equilibrium and is a common, and likely universal feature of mid-to-late-type T dwarfs. The M-band spectra allow determinations of the timescale of vertical mixing in the radiative region of the atmosphere of each object, the first such measurements of this important parameter in late T dwarfs. A detailed analysis of the spectral energy distribution of 2MASS J09373487+2931409 results in the following values for metallicity, temperature, surface gravity, and luminosity: [M/H] ~-0.3, Teff= 925-975 K, log g = 5.20-5.47, and log L/L☉ = -5.308±0.027. The age is 3-10 Gyr and the mass is in the range 45-69 MJup.
infrared: general - stars: individual (Gliese 570D, 2MASS J09373487+2931409) - stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs
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