Astrophys. J., 699, 585-602 (2009/July-1)
A search for carbon-chain-rich cores in dark clouds.
HIROTA T., OHISHI M. and YAMAMOTO S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present results of a survey of CCS, HC3N, and HC5 N toward 40 dark cloud cores to search for "Carbon-Chain-Producing Regions (CCPRs)," where carbon-chain molecules are extremely abundant relative to NH3, as in L1495B, L1521B, L1521E, and the cyanopolyyne peak of TMC-1. We have mainly observed toward cores where the NH3 lines are weak, not detected, or not observed in previous surveys, and the CCS, HC3N, and HC5 N lines have been detected toward 17, 17, and 5 sources, respectively. Among them, we have found a CCPR, L492, and its possible candidates, L1517D, L530D, L1147, and L1172B. They all show low abundance ratios of [NH3]/[CCS] (hereafter called the NH3/CCS ratio) indicating the chemical youth. Combining our results with those of previous surveys, we have found a significant variation of the NH3/CCS ratio among dark cloud cores and among molecular cloud complexes. Such a variation is also suggested by the detection rates of carbon-chain molecules. For instance, the NH3/CCS ratios are higher and the detection rates of carbon-chain molecules are lower in the Ophiuchus cores than in the Taurus cores. An origin of these systematic abundance variation is discussed in terms of the difference in the evolutionary stage or the contraction timescale. We have also identified a carbon-chain-rich star-forming core, L483, where intense HC3 N and HC5N lines are detected. This is a possible candidate for a core with "Warm Carbon-Chain Chemistry."
ISM: abundances - ISM: molecules - molecular processes
IRAS 04018+2803 is a msiprint for IRAS 04108+2803.
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