Astrophys. J., 701, 377-395 (2009/August-2)
X-ray diagnostics of thermal conditions of the hot plasmas in the Centaurus cluster.
TAKAHASHI I., KAWAHARADA M., MAKISHIMA K., MATSUSHITA K., FUKAZAWA Y., IKEBE Y., KITAGUCHI T., KOKUBUN M., NAKAZAWA K., OKUYAMA S., OTA N. and TAMURA T.
Abstract (from CDS):
X-ray data of the Centaurus cluster, obtained with XMM-Newton for 45 ks, were analyzed. Deprojected EPIC spectra from concentric thin-shell regions were reproduced equally well by a single-phase plasma emission model, or by a two-phase model developed by ASCA, both incorporating cool (1.7-2.0 keV) and hot (∼ 4 keV) plasma temperatures. However, EPIC spectra with higher statistics, accumulated over three-dimensional thick-shell regions, were reproduced better by the two-phase model than by the singe-phase one. Therefore, hot and cool plasma phases are inferred to co-exist in the cluster core region within ∼ 70 kpc. The iron and silicon abundances of the plasma were reconfirmed to increase significantly toward the center, while that of oxygen was consistent with being radially constant. The implied nonsolar abundance ratios explain away the previously reported excess X-ray absorption from the central region. Although an additional cool (∼ 0.7 keV) emission was detected within ∼ 20 kpc of the center, the RGS data gave tight upper limits on any emission with temperatures below ∼ 0.5 keV. These results are compiled into a magnetosphere model, which interprets the cool phase as confined within closed magnetic loops anchored to the cD galaxy. When combined with the so-called Rosner-Tucker-Vaiana mechanism which applies to solar coronae, this model can potentially explain basic properties of the cool phase, including its temperature and thermal stability.
conduction - galaxies: clusters: individual: Centaurus Cluster - magnetic fields - plasmas - X-rays: galaxies: clusters
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