Near-infrared observations of GQ Lup b using the Gemini integral field spectrograph NIFS.
LAVIGNE J.-F., DOYON R., LAFRENIERE D., MAROIS C. and BARMAN T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new JHK spectroscopy (R ∼ 5000) of GQ Lup b, acquired with the Near-Infrared Integral Field Spectrograph and the adaptive optics system ALTAIR at the Gemini North telescope. Angular differential imaging was used in the J and H bands to suppress the speckle noise from GQ Lup A; we show that this approach can provide improvements in signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) by a factor of 2-6 for companions located at subarcsecond separations. Based on high-quality observations and Global Astrometric lnterferometer for Astrophysics synthetic spectra, we estimate the companion effective temperature to Teff = 2400±100 K, its gravity to log g = 4.0±0.5, and its luminosity to log(L/L ☉) = -2.47±0.28. Comparisons with the predictions of the DUSTY evolutionary tracks allow us to constrain the mass of GQ Lup b to 8-60 MJup, most likely in the brown dwarf regime. Compared with the spectra published by Seifahrt and collaborators, our spectra of GQ Lup b are significantly redder (by 15%-50%) and do not show important Paβ emission. Our spectra are in excellent agreement with the lower S/N spectra previously published by McElwain and collaborators.
planetary systems - stars: individual: GQ Lup - stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs - stars: pre-main sequence - techniques: high angular resolution - techniques: spectroscopic