Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 394, 1393-1408 (2009/April-2)
Composite spectra paper 15: HD 216572, a triple system containing a short-period, double-lined secondary.
GRIFFIN R.E.M. and GRIFFIN R.F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We analyse 81 optical spectra of the composite-spectrum binary HD 216572, and show that the primary is a cool giant of type G8III while the secondary is a double-lined binary consisting of two nearly identical B9 dwarfs in a 1.18-d orbit. The inner system undergoes partial eclipses, whose photometry we model to derive the physical parameters of both secondary stars. The outer system does not eclipse. We isolate the combined spectrum of the secondary by spectral subtraction, and from 48 separate radial-velocity measurements of both secondary components we obtain a triple-lined orbit solution from which we determine the individual masses of all three stars and the inclinations of both the inner and the outer orbits. The period of the outer system is 55 d, which is surprisingly short for a giant star, and our detection of small but non-negligible amounts of variable chromospheric emission in the Caii K line is not unlike that detected in other systems with comparably short periods. The secondary components are in a circular orbit and are rotating at about 95±10 km/s; although their surface-to-surface separation is only 4 R☉ the stars are not noticeably distorted geometrically by such close proximity. All three stars appear to be in synchronous rotation in their respective orbits. We derive fairly accurate Hertzsprung-Russell diagram positions for all three stars and compare them to evolutionary tracks calculated for the respective stellar masses, but cannot reconcile the age of the cool giant with that of the B stars.