Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 400, 603-621 (2009/December-1)
Exploring pre-main-sequence variables of the ONC: the new variables.
PARIHAR P., MESSINA S., DISTEFANO E., SHANTIKUMAR N.S. and MEDHI B.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Since 2004, we have been engaged in a long-term observing programme to monitor young stellar objects (YSOs) in the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC). We have collected about 2000 frames in V, R and I broad-band filters on more than 200 nights distributed over five consecutive observing seasons. The high-quality and time-extended photometric data give us an opportunity to address various phenomena associated with young stars. The prime motivations of this project are (i) to explore various manifestations of stellar magnetic activity in very young low-mass stars, (ii) to search for new pre-main-sequence eclipsing binaries and (iii) to look for any EXor and FUor-like transient activities associated with YSOs. Since this is the first paper on this programme, we give a detailed description of the science drivers, the observation and the data reduction strategies as well. In addition to these, we also present a large number of new periodic variables detected from our first 5 yr of time-series photometric data. Our study reveals that about 72 per cent of classical T Tauri stars (CTTS) in our field of view are periodic, whereas only 32 per cent of weak-lined T Tauri stars (WTTS) are periodic. This indicates that inhomogeneity patterns on the surface of CTTS of the ONC stars are much more stable than on WTTS. From our multiyear monitoring campaign, we found that the photometric surveys based on single season are incapable of identifying all periodic variables. And any study on evolution of angular momentum based on single-season surveys must be carried out with caution.
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 RAS
stars: activity - stars: late-type stars - stars: pre-main-sequence - stars: rotation - stars: variables - open clusters and associations: individual: Orion Nebula Cluster
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/400/603): table2.dat table4.dat table5.dat>
Table 2: [PMD2009] NNN (Nos 1-346).
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