Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 515, A43-43 (2010/6-1)
Line-profile variations of stochastically excited oscillations in four evolved stars.
HEKKER S. and AERTS C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Since solar-like oscillations were first detected in red-giant stars, the presence of non-radial oscillation modes has been debated. Spectroscopic line-profile analysis was used in the first attempt to perform mode identification, which revealed that non-radial modes are observable. Despite the fact that the presence of non-radial modes could be confirmed, the degree or azimuthal order could not be uniquely identified. Here we present an improvement to this first spectroscopic line-profile analysis. We aim to study line-profile variations in stochastically excited solar-like oscillations of four evolved stars to derive the azimuthal order of the observed mode and the surface rotational frequency. Spectroscopic line-profile analysis is applied to cross-correlation functions, using the Fourier parameter fit method on the amplitude and phase distributions across the profiles. For four evolved stars, β Hydri (G2IV), ε Ophiuchi (G9.5III), η Serpentis (K0III) and δ Eridani (K0IV) the line-profile variations reveal the azimuthal order of the oscillations with an accuracy of ±1. Furthermore, our analysis reveals the projected rotational velocity and the inclination angle. From these parameters we obtain the surface rotational frequency. We conclude that line-profile variations in cross-correlation functions behave differently for different frequencies and provide additional information about the surface rotational frequency and azimuthal order.