SIMBAD references

2010A&A...517A..88W - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 517, A88-88 (2010/7-1)

Rotational velocities of nearby young stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

Stellar rotation is a crucial parameter driving stellar magnetism, activity and mixing of chemical elements. Measuring rotational velocities of young stars can give additional insight in the initial conditions of the star formation process. Furthermore, the evolution of stellar rotation is coupled to the evolution of circumstellar disks. Disk-braking mechanisms are believed to be responsible for rotational deceleration during the accretion phase, and rotational spin-up during the contraction phase after decoupling from the disk for fast rotators arriving at the ZAMS. On the ZAMS, stars get rotationally braked by solar-type winds. We investigate the projected rotational velocities vsini of a sample of young stars with respect to the stellar mass and disk evolutionary state to search for possible indications of disk-braking mechanisms. Furthermore, we search for signs of rotational spin-up of stars that have already decoupled from their circumstellar disks. We analyse the stellar spectra of 220 nearby (mostly <100pc) young (2-600Myr) stars for their vsini, stellar age, Hα emission, and accretion rates. The stars have been observed with FEROS at the 2.2m MPG/ESO telescope and HARPS at the 3.6m telescope in La Silla, Chile. The spectra have been cross-correlated with appropriate theoretical templates. We build a new calibration to be able to derive vsini values from the cross-correlated spectra. Stellar ages are estimated from the LiI equivalent width at 6708Å. The equivalent width and width at 10% height of the Hα emission are measured to identify accretors and used to estimate accretion rates {dot}(M)acc. The vsin i is then analysed with respect to the evolutionary state of the circumstellar disks to search for indications of disk-braking mechanisms in accretors. We find that the broad vsin i distribution of our targets extends to rotation velocities of up to more than 100km/s and peaks at a value of 7.8±1.2km/s, and that ∼70% of our stars show vsin i<30km/s. Furthermore, we can find indications for disk-braking in accretors and rotational spin-up of stars which are decoupled from their disks. In addition, we show that a number of young stars are suitable for precise radial-velocity measurements for planet-search surveys.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: pre-main-sequence - techniques: spectroscopic - stars: rotation

Simbad objects: 254

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