Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 518, L84-84 (2010/7-2)
Herschel observations of embedded protostellar clusters in the Rosette molecular cloud.
HENNEMANN M., MOTTE F., BONTEMPS S., SCHNEIDER N., CSENGERI T., BALOG Z., DI FRANCESCO J., ZAVAGNO A., ANDRE P., MEN'SHCHIKOV A., ABERGEL A., ALI B., BALUTEAU J.-P., BERNARD J.-P., COX P., DIDELON P., DI GIORGIO A.M., GRIFFIN M., HARGRAVE P., HILL T., HOREAU B., HUANG M., KIRK J., LEEKS S., LI J.Z., MARSTON A., MARTIN P., MOLINARI S., NGUYEN-LUONG Q., OLOFSSON G., PERSI P., PEZZUTO S., RUSSEIL D., SARACENO P., SAUVAGE M., SIBTHORPE B., SPINOGLIO L., TESTI L., WARD-THOMPSON D., WHITE G., WILSON C. and WOODCRAFT A.
Abstract (from CDS):
The Herschel OB young stellar objects survey (HOBYS) has observed the Rosette molecular cloud, providing an unprecedented view of its star formation activity. These new far-infrared data reveal a population of compact young stellar objects whose physical properties we aim to characterise. We compiled a sample of protostars and their spectral energy distributions that covers the near-infrared to submillimetre wavelength range. These were used to constrain key properties in the protostellar evolution, bolometric luminosity, and envelope mass and to build an evolutionary diagram. Several clusters are distinguished including the cloud centre, the embedded clusters in the vicinity of luminous infrared sources, and the interaction region. The analysed protostellar population in Rosette ranges from 0.1 to about 15M☉ with luminosities between 1 and 150L☉, which extends the evolutionary diagram from low-mass protostars into the high-mass regime. Some sources lack counterparts at near- to mid-infrared wavelengths, indicating extreme youth. The central cluster and the Phelps & Lada 7 cluster appear less evolved than the remainder of the analysed protostellar population. For the central cluster, we find indications that about 25% of the protostars classified as ClassI from near- to mid-infrared data are actually candidate Class0 objects. As a showcase for protostellar evolution, we analysed four protostars of low- to intermediate-mass in a single dense core, and they represent different evolutionary stages from Class0 to ClassI. Their mid- to far-infrared spectral slopes flatten towards the ClassI stage, and the 160 to 70µm flux ratio is greatest for the presumed Class0 source. This shows that the Herschel observations characterise the earliest stages of protostellar evolution in detail.
stars: formation - stars: protostars - ISM: individual objects: Rosette
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2010A&A...518L..84H and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu