Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 523, L1-1 (2010/11-2)
Direct detection of a substellar companion to the young nearby star PZ Telescopii.
MUGRAUER M., VOGT N., NEUHAEUSER R. and SCHMIDT T.O.B.
Abstract (from CDS):
We study the formation of substellar objects (exoplanets and brown dwarfs) that are companions to young nearby stars.With high-contrast AO imaging obtained with NACO at ESO VLT, we search for faint companion candidates around our targets, whose companionship can be confirmed with astrometry.We identified a faint substellar companion to the nearby pre-main sequence star PZ Tel, a member of the β Pic moving group. The companion is 5-6mag fainter than its host star in JHK and is located at a separation of only 0.3arcsec (or 15AU of projected separation) northeast of PZ Tel. Within three NACO observing epochs, we can confirm the common proper motion (>39σ) and detected orbital motion of PZ Tel B around its primary (>37σ). The photometry of the newly found companion is consistent with a brown dwarf with a mass between 24 and 40MJup, at the distance (50pc) and age (8-20Myr) of PZ Tel. The effective temperature of the companion, derived from its photometry, ranges between 2500 and 2700K, which corresponds to a spectral type between M6 and M8. After β Pic b, PZ Tel B is the second closest substellar companion imaged directly around a young star.
stars: individual: PZ Telescopii - brown dwarfs