Astrophys. J., 708, 202-217 (2010/January-1)
The COSMOS-WIRCam near-infrared imaging survey. I. BzK-selected passive and star-forming galaxy candidates at z ≳ 1.4.
McCRACKEN H.J., CAPAK P., SALVATO M., AUSSEL H., THOMPSON D., DADDI E., SANDERS D.B., KNEIB J.-P., WILLOTT C.J., MANCINI C., RENZINI A., COOK R., LE FEVRE O., ILBERT O., KARTALTEPE J., KOEKEMOER A.M., MELLIER Y., MURAYAMA T., SCOVILLE N.Z., SHIOYA Y. and TANAGUCHI Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a new near-infrared survey covering the 2 deg2 COSMOS field conducted using WIRCam at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. By combining our near-infrared data with Subaru B and z images, we construct a deep, wide-field optical-infrared catalog. At Ks< 23 (AB magnitudes), our survey completeness is greater than 90% and 70% for stars and galaxies, respectively, and contains 143,466 galaxies and 13,254 stars. Using the BzK diagram, we divide our galaxy catalog into quiescent and star-forming galaxy candidates. At z ∼ 2, our catalogs contain 3931 quiescent and 25,757 star-forming galaxies representing the largest and most secure sample at these depths and redshifts to date. Our counts of quiescent galaxies turns over at Ks∼ 22, an effect that we demonstrate cannot be due to sample incompleteness. Both the number of faint and bright quiescent objects in our catalogs exceed the predictions of a recent semi-analytic model of galaxy formation, indicating potentially the need for further refinements in the amount of merging and active galactic nucleus feedback at z ∼ 2 in these models. We measure the angular correlation function for each sample and find that the slope of the field galaxy correlation function flattens to 1.5 by Ks∼ 23. At small angular scales, the angular correlation function for passive BzK galaxies is considerably in excess of the clustering of dark matter. We use precise 30-band photometric redshifts to derive the spatial correlation length and the redshift distributions for each object class. At Ks< 22, we find r γ/1.80= 7.0±0.5h –1 Mpc for the passive BzK candidates and 4.7±0.8 h–1 Mpc for the star-forming BzK galaxies. Our pBzK galaxies have an average photometric redshift of zp∼ 1.4, in approximate agreement with the limited spectroscopic information currently available. The stacked Ks image will be made publicly available from IRSA.
cosmology: observations - dark matter - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - large-scale structure of universe - surveys
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