Astrophys. J., 721, 395-411 (2010/September-3)
GC-IRS13E–A puzzling association of three early-type stars.
FRITZ T.K., GILLESSEN S., DODDS-EDEN K., MARTINS F., BARTKO H., GENZEL R., PAUMARD T., OTT T., PFUHL O., TRIPPE S., EISENHAUER F. and GRATADOUR D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a detailed analysis of high-resolution near-infrared imaging and spectroscopy of the potential star cluster IRS13E very close to the massive black hole in the Galactic center. We detect 19 objects in IRS13E from Ks-band images, 15 of which are also detected reliably in the H band. We derive consistent proper motions for these objects from the two bands. Most objects share a similar westward proper motion. We characterize the objects using spectroscopy (1.45-2.45 µm) and (narrowband) imaging from the H (1.66 µm) to the L' band (3.80 µm). Nine of the objects detected in both the Ks and H bands are very red, and we find that they are all consistent with being warm dust clumps. The dust emission may be caused by the colliding winds of the two Wolf-Rayet stars in the cluster. Three of the six detected stars do not share the motion or spectral properties of the three bright stars. This leaves only the three bright, early-type stars as potential cluster members. It is unlikely that these stars are a chance configuration. Assuming the presence of an intermediate mass black hole (IMBH), a mass of about 14,000 M☉ follows from the velocities and positions of these three stars. However, our acceleration limits make such an IMBH nearly as unlikely as a chance occurrence of such a star association. Furthermore, there is no variable X-ray source in IRS13E despite the high density of dust and gas. Therefore, we conclude that is unlikely that IRS13E hosts a black hole massive enough to bind the three stars.
Galaxy: center - infrared: stars
Status at CDS:
Sources E7, E8 are not in SIMBAD (no coord.). In table 1: objects EN.N in IRS 13 are not in SIMBAD either (no coord.)
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