Sub-chandrasekhar white dwarf mergers as the progenitors of type Ia supernovae.
VAN KERKWIJK M.H., CHANG P. and JUSTHAM S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are generally thought to be due to the thermonuclear explosions of carbon-oxygen white dwarfs (CO WDs) with masses near the Chandrasekhar mass. This scenario, however, has two long-standing problems. First, the explosions do not naturally produce the correct mix of elements, but have to be finely tuned to proceed from subsonic deflagration to supersonic detonation. Second, population models and observations give formation rates of near-Chandrasekhar WDs that are far too small. Here, we suggest that SNe Ia instead result from mergers of roughly equal-mass CO WDs, including those that produce sub-Chandrasekhar mass remnants. Numerical studies of such mergers have shown that the remnants consist of rapidly rotating cores that contain most of the mass and are hottest in the center, surrounded by dense, small disks. We argue that the disks accrete quickly, and that the resulting compressional heating likely leads to central carbon ignition. This ignition occurs at densities for which pure detonations lead to events similar to SNe Ia. With this merger scenario, we can understand the type Ia rates and have plausible reasons for the observed range in luminosity and for the bias of more luminous supernovae toward younger populations. We speculate that explosions of WDs slowly brought to the Chandrasekhar limit–which should also occur–are responsible for some of the "atypical" SNe Ia.
binaries: close - supernovae: general - white dwarfs