Astrophys. J., 725, 894-903 (2010/December-2)
Expansion velocity of ejecta in Tycho's supernova remnant measured by Doppler broadened X-ray line emission.
HAYATO A., YAMAGUCHI H., TAMAGAWA T., KATSUDA S., HWANG U., HUGHES J.P., OZAWA M., BAMBA A., KINUGASA K., TERADA Y., FURUZAWA A., KUNIEDA H. and MAKISHIMA K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We show that the expansion of ejecta in Tycho's supernova remnant (SNR) is consistent with a spherically symmetric shell, based on Suzaku measurements of the Doppler broadened X-ray emission lines. All of the strong Kα line emissions show broader widths at the center than at the rim, while the centroid energies are constant across the remnant (except for Ca). This is the pattern expected for Doppler broadening due to expansion of the SNR ejecta in a spherical shell. To determine the expansion velocities of the ejecta, we applied a model for each emission-line feature having two Gaussian components separately representing red- and blueshifted gas, and inferred the Doppler velocity difference between these two components directly from the fitted centroid energy difference. Taking into account the effect of projecting a three-dimensional shell to the plane of the detector, we derived average spherical expansion velocities independently for the Kα emission of Si, S, Ar, and Fe, and Kβ of Si. We found that the expansion velocities of Si, S, and Ar ejecta of 4700±100 km/s are distinctly higher than that obtained from Fe Kα emission, 4000±300 km/s, which is consistent with segregation of the Fe in the inner ejecta. Combining the observed ejecta velocities with the ejecta proper-motion measurements by Chandra, we derived a distance to Tycho's SNR of 4±1 kpc.
ISM: supernova remnants - supernovae: general - X-rays: individual: Tycho's SNR
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